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Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: محمود عباس) (born March 26, 1935), also known by the Kunya Abu Mazen (ابو مازن), was elected President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9, 2005. He took office on January 15, 2005.
Abbas is a leading politician in Fatah. He served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to October 2003. He resigned because of a lack of support from Israel and the United States as well as "internal incitement" against his government. Before becoming Prime Minister, Abbas led the Negotiations Affairs Department of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). He has served as Chairman of the PLO Executive Committee since November 11, 2004, after Yasser Arafat's death. Abbas is said to the an example of moderation in Palestine by Israel and the west.
- "Pofile Mahmoud Abbas". BBC News. 9 November 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1933453.stm. Retrieved 01 January 2013.