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Victorian era

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Victorian era
Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria, after whom the Victorian period is named.

1837 - 1901

Preceded by Georgian era
Followed by Edwardian period

The Victorian era of the United Kingdom was a time of Queen Victoria's rule from 1837 to 1901.[1] This time was very prosperous for the British people. Trade was at its best. A well educated middle class ruled the country and the British Empire. Other countries also prospered but Britain became the mightiest power.


The Industrial Revolution continued to increase productivity and prosperity. Steam railways connected all parts of the country, and steamships connected the world. One important change in the Victorian era was the making of the sewage system in London. In 1829 photography was invented. Gas lighting was important too. These lights could be found on the streets, in homes and in public buildings. In 1882 the famous electric lightbulb was created, which would change people's lives forever.


More theaters opened in London. Orchestras and symphonies played, and operas were widely attended. Gambling at cards and new casinos became popular during the period. In the middle of the 19th century saw The Great Exhibition of 1851, the first World's Fair, and showed the greatest creations of the century.


  1. Swisher, Clarice, ed. Victorian England. San Diego, CA : Greenhaven Press, 2000.

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