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White House Communications Director



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White House Communications Director
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Kate Bedingfield (The Circus on SHOWTIME).jpg
Incumbent
Kate Bedingfield

since January 20, 2021
Executive Office of the President
White House Office
Reports toWhite House Chief of Staff
AppointerPresident of the United States
Formation1969 (White House Office)
1974 (White House Office of the Press Secretary)
First holderHerbert G. Klein

The White House communications director or White House director of communications, also known officially as Assistant to the President for Communications, is part of the senior staff of the President of the United States.

The communications director is responsible for creating and promoting the agenda of the president and leading its media campaign.

Directors

Officeholder Start date End date Term duration President
Herb Klein[1] January 20, 1969 July 1, 1973 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.&&&&&04 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0162.&&&&&0162 days Richard Nixon
Ken Clawson January 30, 1974 August 9, 1974 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0191.&&&&&0191 days
August 9, 1974 November 4, 1974 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&087.&&&&&087 days Gerald Ford
Jerry Warren[2] November 4, 1974 August 15, 1975 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0284.&&&&&0284 days
Margita White[3] August 15, 1975 July 12, 1976 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0332.&&&&&0332 days
David Gergen[4] July 12, 1976 January 20, 1977 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0192.&&&&&0192 days
Gerald Rafshoon July 1, 1978 August 14, 1979 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&044.&&&&&044 days Jimmy Carter
Frank Ursomarso[5][6] February 23, 1981 June 17, 1981 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0114.&&&&&0114 days Ronald Reagan
David Gergen[7] June 17, 1981 January 15, 1984 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0212.&&&&&0212 days
Michael A. McManus Jr.[2] January 15, 1984 February 6, 1985 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&022.&&&&&022 days
Pat Buchanan February 6, 1985 March 1, 1987 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&023.&&&&&023 days
Jack Koehler[8] March 1, 1987 March 13, 1987 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&011.&&&&&011 days
Tom Griscom April 2, 1987 July 1, 1988 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&090.&&&&&090 days
Mari Maseng July 1, 1988 January 20, 1989 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0203.&&&&&0203 days
David Demarest January 20, 1989 August 23, 1992 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0216.&&&&&0216 days George H. W. Bush
Margaret Tutwiler[9] August 23, 1992 January 20, 1993 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0150.&&&&&0150 days
George Stephanopoulos January 20, 1993 June 7, 1993 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0138.&&&&&0138 days Bill Clinton
Mark Gearan[10] June 7, 1993 August 14, 1995 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&068.&&&&&068 days
Don Baer August 14, 1995 July 31, 1997 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0351.&&&&&0351 days
Ann Lewis July 31, 1997 March 10, 1999 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0222.&&&&&0222 days
Loretta Ucelli March 10, 1999 January 20, 2001 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0316.&&&&&0316 days
Karen Hughes January 20, 2001 October 2, 2001 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0255.&&&&&0255 days George W. Bush
Dan Bartlett[11] October 2, 2001 January 5, 2005 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&095.&&&&&095 days
Nicolle Wallace January 5, 2005 July 24, 2006 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0200.&&&&&0200 days
Kevin Sullivan July 24, 2006 January 20, 2009 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0180.&&&&&0180 days
Ellen Moran January 20, 2009 April 21, 2009 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&091.&&&&&091 days Barack Obama
Anita Dunn (acting) April 21, 2009 November 30, 2009 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0223.&&&&&0223 days
Dan Pfeiffer November 30, 2009 January 25, 2013 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&056.&&&&&056 days
Jennifer Palmieri January 25, 2013 April 1, 2015 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&066.&&&&&066 days
Jen Psaki April 1, 2015 January 20, 2017 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&0294.&&&&&0294 days
Sean Spicer January 20, 2017 March 6, 2017 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&045.&&&&&045 days Donald Trump
Mike Dubke[12][13] March 6, 2017 June 2, 2017 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&088.&&&&&088 days
Sean Spicer (acting)[13][14] June 2, 2017[15][16] July 21, 2017[17] &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&049.&&&&&049 days
Anthony Scaramucci[18][19][20] July 21, 2017[21] July 31, 2017 7-10 days
Hope Hicks[22][23] August 16, 2017 March 29, 2018[24] &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0225.&&&&&0225 days
Bill Shine[25] July 5, 2018 March 8, 2019 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0246.&&&&&0246 days
Stephanie Grisham[26] July 1, 2019 April 7, 2020 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0281.&&&&&0281 days
Kate Bedingfield[27] January 20, 2021 Joe Biden

References

  1. "Richard Nixon: Letter Accepting the Resignation of Herbert G. Klein as Director of Communications for the Executive Branch.". http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=3864. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kumar, Martha Joynt (July 6, 2007). Managing the President's Message: The White House Communications Operation. JHU Press. ISBN 9780801886522 . https://books.google.com/books?id=1AMDcjxuok4C. 
  3. Shabecoff, Philip (July 13, 1976). "Ford Shifts and Expands Press Staff". https://www.nytimes.com/1976/07/13/archives/ford-shifts-and-expands-press-staff.html. 
  4. "Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum". https://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/guides/findingaid/gergendfiles.asp. 
  5. "URSOMARSO, FRANK: Files, 1981 (3.1 l.ft.; Box 1-8)". https://reaganlibrary.archives.gov/archives/textual/smof/ursomarso.pdf. 
  6. "Ronald Reagan: Appointment of Frank A. Ursomarso as Director of the White House Office of Communications". http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=43600. 
  7. "Key Reagan Administration Officials". http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/reference/keyofficials.html. 
  8. "Letter Accepting the Resignation of John O. Koehler as Assistant to the President and Director of Communications". https://reaganlibrary.archives.gov/archives/speeches/1987/030987c.htm. 
  9. Appointment of Margaret DeBardeleben Tutwiler as Assistant to the President for Communications, gpo.gov.
  10. "William J. Clinton: Press Briefing by David Gergen and Mark Gearan". http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=60004. 
  11. "George W. Bush: Statement by the Press Secretary: Bartlett Named White House Communications Director". http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=79123. 
  12. "President Donald J. Trump Announces White House Staff Appointments", whitehouse.gov, March 6, 2017.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Mysterious disappearance of Donald Trump's mouthpiece Sean Spicer". The New Zealand Herald. June 6, 2017. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=11870660. 
  14. The White House (July 21, 2017), Press Briefing with Principal Deputy Press Secretary Sarah Sanders, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-oM21Td-JE, retrieved July 21, 2017 
  15. Herman, Steve. "Shakeup Puts Different Face on White House Communications" (in en). VOA. https://www.voanews.com/a/shakeup-puts-different-face-on-white-house-communications/3954273.html. Retrieved 2017-08-15. 
  16. "Mysterious disappearance of Donald Trump's mouthpiece Sean Spicer" (in en-NZ). NZ Herald. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=11870660. Retrieved 2017-08-15. 
  17. Shen, Lucinda (July 21, 2017). Anthony Scaramucci Thinks the White House Is About to Have a 'Phenomenal Relationship' With the Press. Fortune. http://fortune.com/2017/07/21/anthony-scaramucci-trump-white-house-communications-director/. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  18. Shear, Michael D.; Thrush, Glenn; Haberman, Maggie (July 31, 2017). John Kelly, Asserting Authority, Fires Anthony Scaramucci. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/31/us/politics/anthony-scaramucci-white-house.html. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  19. TIME staff (July 31, 2017). "Watch Live: White House Holds Press Briefing After Anthony Scaramucci Resigns as Communications Director". TIME. http://time.com/4881269/anthony-scaramucci-fired-white-house-briefing/. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  20. "Anthony Scaramucci: Five top tips to lose a job in 10 days". 1 August 2017. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-40788535. "Anthony Scaramucci had not yet made it to his official start date before he was fired" 
  21. Santos, Amanda Proença (July 31, 2017). "Scaramucci Sets New Record for Shortest Term as Communications Director". NBC News. http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/politics-news/scaramucci-sets-new-record-shortest-term-communications-director-n788281. Retrieved August 14, 2017. "Though President Donald Trump appointed Scaramucci to the role 10 days ago, he only held the position for six days thanks to an official start date of July 25.". 
  22. Hope Hicks tapped for interim White House communications director. Fox News. August 16, 2017. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/08/16/hope-hicks-tapped-for-interim-white-house-communications-director.html. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  23. Ballhaus, Rebecca (2017-09-12). "Hope Hicks Named Permanent White House Communications Director" (in en-US). The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660 . https://www.wsj.com/articles/hope-hicks-named-white-house-communications-director-after-assuming-role-on-interim-basis-1505231198. Retrieved 2018-03-04. 
  24. Rogers, Katie; Haberman, Maggie (2018-03-29). "Hope Hicks is Gone, and It's Not Clear Who Can Replace Her" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/29/us/politics/hope-hicks-white-house.html. Retrieved 2018-03-30. 
  25. Ex-Fox News exec Bill Shine to join White House. The Hill. July 5, 2018. http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/395627-trump-announces-ex-fox-news-exec-bill-shine-will-join-white-house. Retrieved July 5, 2018. 
  26. Wise, Alana (April 7, 2020). "White House Press Secretary Grisham Moves Back To First Lady's Office" (in en). NPR. https://www.npr.org/2020/04/07/828134122/white-house-press-secretary-grisham-moves-back-to-first-ladys-office. Retrieved April 7, 2020. 
  27. "Biden hires an all-female senior communications team". The Washington Post. November 29, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/biden-hires-all-female-senior-communications-team/2020/11/29/5b60b58e-3277-11eb-a997-1f4c53d2a747_story.html.