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Aruba

Aruba

Anthem:
Location of  Aruba  (circled in red)

in the Caribbean  (light yellow)

Capital
and largest city
12°31′07″N 70°02′09″W﻿ / ﻿12.51861°N 70.03583°W
Official languages
Religion
81% Roman Catholic
Demonym(s)Aruban
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Willem-Alexander
Fredis Refunjol[2]
[[]][3]
LegislatureEstates of Aruba
Autonomy from the Netherlands Antilles
• Date
1 January 1986
Area
• Total
178.91 km2 (69.08 sq mi) (214th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2010 census
102,484
• Density
567/km2 (1,468.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2007 estimate
• Total
$2.400 billion (182nd) • Per capita$23,831 (32nd)
CurrencyAruban florin (AWG)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+297
ISO 3166 codeAW
Internet TLD.aw

Aruba is an island in the Caribbean Sea, just a short distance north of the Venezuelan Paraguaná Peninsula, and it forms a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Unlike much of the Caribbean region, it has a dry climate and an arid, cactus-strewn landscape. This climate has helped tourism, because visitors to the island can reliably expect warm, sunny weather.

The island broke off from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986, hoping to gain its independence by 1996. In 1990, that effort stopped at the request of the island people.

Aruba is one of the four countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The other nations are the Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. The citizens of these countries all share a single nationality: Dutch.

About three quarters of the Aruban gross national product is earned through tourism or related activities.[4]

The island came into the news after U.S. high school student Natalee Holloway disappeared on a graduation trip on May 30, 2005. Today, some refer to Aruba as "One Happy Island".[5]

Geography

Aruba is a generally flat, riverless island. It is in the southern part of the Caribbean Sea. The western and southern beaches have white sandy beaches. They are generally protected from the ocean currents. This is one of the reasons Aruba is a popular tourist location.

Together with Bonaire and Curaçao, Aruba forms a group referred to as the ABC islands. Collectively, Aruba and the other Dutch islands in the Caribbean are often called the Dutch Caribbean.

Aruba has no administrative subdivisions. For census purposes, it is divided into eight regions. Its capital is Oranjestad.

People

According to estimates, Aruba is about 75% Mixed, 15% Black, and 10% White.

References

1. Migge, Bettina; Léglise, Isabelle; Bartens, Angela (2010). Creoles in Education: An Appraisal of Current Programs and Projects. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 268. .
2. "De Gouverneur van Aruba". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
3. "Prime Minister of Aruba". Retrieved 30 October 2016.
4. "The world's happiest island" (in en-GB). The Telegraph. 2016-09-30. . Retrieved 2020-07-21.