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Anthem: Aruba Dushi Tera
Aruba, Dear Country
Location of  Aruba  (circled in red)in the Caribbean  (light yellow)
Location of  Aruba  (circled in red)

in the Caribbean  (light yellow)

and largest city
12°31′N 70°2′W / 12.517°N 70.033°W / 12.517; -70.033
Official languages
Demonym Aruban
Government Constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Willem-Alexander
 -  Governor Fredis Refunjol
 -  Prime Minister Mike Eman
Legislature Estates of Aruba
Autonomy from the Netherlands Antilles
 -  Date 1 January 1986 
 -  Total 178.91 km2
69 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2010 census 102,484
 -  Density 567/km2
1,470/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $2.400 billion (182nd)
 -  Per capita $23,831 (32nd)
Currency Aruban florin (AWG)
Time zone AST (UTC−4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +297
Internet TLD .aw

Aruba is an island in the Caribbean Sea, just a short distance north of the Venezuelan Paraguaná Peninsula, and it forms a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Unlike much of the Caribbean region, it has a dry climate and an arid, cactus-strewn landscape. This climate has helped tourism, because visitors to the island can reliably expect warm, sunny weather.

The island broke off from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986, hoping to gain its independence by 1996. In 1990, that effort stopped at the request of the island people.

The island came into the news after U.S. high school senior Natalee Holloway disappeared on a graduation trip on May 30, 2005.


  1. Migge, Bettina; Léglise, Isabelle; Bartens, Angela (2010). Creoles in Education: An Appraisal of Current Programs and Projects. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 268. ISBN 978-90-272-5258-6 .