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China at the Olympics
The People's Republic of China (PRC) was first at the 1952 Summer Olympics. That year, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) let both the PRC and the Republic of China (which recently moved to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War) compete. The Republic of China withdrew in protest. Because of the political status of China, the PRC was not in the Olympics again until 1980.
The Chinese Olympic Committee was formed in 1910 and recognized in 1979. Before the Chinese Civil War, athletes competed as the Republic of China (ROC) at the Olympics. In 1979, the International Olympic Committee passed a resolution for the ROC team to be called Chinese Taipei, and this opened the door for the PRC to finally join the Olympic movement.
Hong Kong has had a distinct National Olympic Committee since 1950 and has been at the Games since 1952. After the territory returned to the PRC this has continued, with Hong Kong separate from the rest of the nation under the name Hong Kong, China.
As of 2012, China has a total of 473 medals in the Summer Games.
- First medal : Xu Haifeng, 1984
- First gold medal : Xu Haifeng, 1984
- Most medals :
- Most gold medals :
As of 2012, China has a total of 44 medals in the Winter Games.
- First medal: Ye Qiaobo, 1992
- First gold medal : Yang Yang (A), 2002
- Most medals:
- Most gold medals:
- Wang Meng, 2006-2010 (4)
- Most gold medals at one Olympics:
- Wang Meng, 2010 (3)
- China Olympic Committee. "10th-15th Olympic Games: 1936-1952". http://en.olympic.cn/games/summer/2004-03-27/121663.html. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
- IOC. "People's Republic of China". http://www.olympic.org/people-s-republic-of-china. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
- SF&OC History Sports Federation and Olympic Committee of Hong Kong, China.