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Colmar

Colmar - Alsace.jpg
Colmar's old town.
Coat of arms of Colmar
Administration
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Haut-Rhin
Arrondissement Colmar-Ribeauvillé
Canton Colmar-1 and Colmar-2
Intercommunality Colmar Agglomération
Mayor Gilbert Meyer
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 175–214 m (574–702 ft)
(avg. 195 m/640 ft)
Land area1 66.57 km2 (25.70 sq mi)
Population2 68,784  (2014)
 - Density 1,033/km2 (2,680/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 68066/ 68000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Colmar is a commune in Alsace in north-eastern France, in the Haut-Rhin department, of which it is a prefecture. It is in the Grand Est region.

Geography

Colmar is in the north of the Haut-Rhin department. It is in the plain of Alsace, to the east of the Vosgues mountains. The Lauch river, a tributary of the Ill river, flows through the commune.

It has an area of 66.6 km2 (25.7 sq mi).[1] Its average altitude is 195 m (640 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 198 m (650 ft).[2]

The distances from Colmar to other cities are:[3]

Colmar and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Colmar

The commune of Altkirch is surrounded by the following communes:

Climate

The area around Colmar, at an altitude of about 210 m (690 ft), is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Colmar is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[4]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Colmar is 594.4 mm (23.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 33 mm (1.3 in).

The average temperature for the year in Colmar is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.1 °C (34.0 °F).[4]

Climate data for Colmar, Haut-Rhin, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4
(39)
6
(43)
11
(52)
15
(59)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
8
(46)
4
(39)
14.8
(58.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1
(34)
5
(41)
5
(41)
9
(48)
13
(55)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
1
(34)
9.7
(49.4)
Average low °C (°F) -2
(28)
-1
(30)
--- 4
(39)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
-1
(30)
5
(41)
Rainfall mm (inches) 30
(1.18)
30
(1.18)
30
(1.18)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
70
(2.76)
60
(2.36)
70
(2.76)
60
(2.36)
40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
30
(1.18)
550
(21.65)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Colmar are known, in French, as Colmariens (women: Colmariennes).[5]

With a population of 68,784,[6] Colmar has a population density of 1,033 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Colmar <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:70000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:10000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:5000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 59550
bar:1975 from:0 till: 64771
bar:1982 from:0 till: 62483
bar:1990 from:0 till: 63498
bar:1999 from:0 till: 65136
bar:2006 from:0 till: 65713
bar:2014 from:0 till: 68784

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 59550 fontsize:S text: 59,550 shift:(-12,12)
bar:1975 at: 64771 fontsize:S text: 64,771 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 62483 fontsize:S text: 62,483 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 63498 fontsize:S text: 63,498 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1999 at: 65136 fontsize:S text: 65,136 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2006 at: 65713 fontsize:S text: 65,713 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2014 at: 68784 fontsize:S text: 68,784 shift:(-15,5)

</timeline>

Colmar forms, together with 6 other communes, the urban area of Colmar with a population of 93,858 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 134.4 km2 (51.9 sq mi).[7] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Colmar, formed by 39 communes with a population of 129,678 inhabitants and an area of 390.5 km2 (150.8 sq mi).[8]

Administration

Colmar is the prefecture of the Haut-Rhin department since 1800. It is the capital of the Colmar-Ribeauvillé arrondissement and is also the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of 2 cantons:[9]

  1. Colmar-1, formed with a part of Colmar and the commune Ingersheim, with 44,524 inhabitants (2014).
  2. Colmar-2, formed with a part of Colmar and 12 communes, with 51,221 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Colmar Agglomération.

Twin towns

Colmar is twinned with:[10]

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Commune de Colmar (68066)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-68066. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  2. "City of Colmar". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Colmar-68000/. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  3. "Ville de Colmar" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. https://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-colmar.html. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Colmar, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=79170&cityname=Colmar%2C+Alsace%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  5. "Habitants du départment: Haut-Rhin" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/haut-rhin-68. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  6. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep68.pdf. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  7. "Unité urbaine de Colmar (68501)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-68501. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  8. "Aire urbaine de Colmar (064)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-064. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  9. "Commune de Colmar (68066)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d’étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/commune/COM68066-colmar. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  10. "Colmar et les villes jumelées". Ville de Colmar. http://www.colmar.fr/colmar-villes-jumelees. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 

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