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The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) or Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) were the Persian-speaking dynasties of Turkic and Afghan origin, which were controlling most of the Indian subcontinent from 1210 to 1526. Many of these dynasties ruled from Delhi. This includes the Slave dynasty (1206-90), the Khilji dynasty (1290-1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320-1413), the Sayyid dynasty (1414-51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451-1526). Later on, after the region fell to the Mughals, there was again a brief period when Humayun, son of the Mughal Babur and father of Akbar the Great, was deposed by the Pathan Suri dynasty who enjoyed a short rule then, before Humayun was reinstated in 1555.

Sultans of Delhi

Mamluk, or Slave dynasty (1206 - 1290)

Khilji (Khalji) dynasty (1290 - 1320)

  • Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji (1290 - 1294)
  • Ala ud din Khilji (1294 - 1316)
  • Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah (1316 - 1321)

Tughlaq dynasty (1321 - 1398)

  • Ghiyas ud din Tughluq Shah I (1321 - 1325)
  • Muhammad Shah II (1325 - 1351)
  • Mahmud Ibn Muhammad ( March 1351)
  • Firuz Shah Tughluq (1351 - 1388)
  • Ghiyas ud din Tughluq II (1388 - 1389)
  • Abu Bakar (1389 - 1390)
  • Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III (1390 - 1393)
  • Sikander Shah I ( March - April 1393)
  • Mahmud Nasir ud din (Sultan Mahmud II) at Delhi (1393 - 1394)
  • Nusrat Shah at Firuzabad (1394 - 1398)

Sayyid (Syed) Dynasty (1414 - 1451)

  • Khizr Khan (1414 - 1421)
  • Mubarrak Shah II (1421 - 1435)
  • Muhammad Shah IV (1435 - 1445)
  • Aladdin Alam Shah (1445 - 1451)

Lodi (Lodhi) dynasty (1451 - 1526)

1526-1540: Mughal rule after the First Battle of Panipat

Suri, or Sur dynasty (1540 - 1555)

  • Sher Shah Suri (Farid Khan Suri) (1540 - 1545)
  • Islam Shah (1545 - 1553)
  • Muhammad V (1553 - 1554)
  • Firuz Shah ( 29 April - 2 May 1554)
  • Ibrahim III (1554 - 1554/5)
  • Sikander Shah (1554/5 - 1555)

1555: Return to Mughal Rule after brief interregnum

Related pages

References

  • Pakistan
  • Braudel, Fernand, The perspective of the World, vol III of Civilization and Capitalism 1984 (original French ed. 1979)

Literature

  • Elliot and Dowson: The History of India as told by its own Historians, (New Delhi) reprint, 1990.
  • Peter Jackson The Delhi Sultanate. A Political and Military History (Cambridge) 1999
  • Majumdar, R. C. (ed.), The History and Culture of the Indian People, Volume VI, The Delhi Sultanate, (Bombay) 1960; Volume VII, The Mughal Empire, (Bombay) 1973.
  • Nizami, Khaliq Ahmad Some Aspects of Religion and Politics in India in the Thirteenth Century (Delhi) 1961 (Revised Edition Delhi 2002)

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