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Location of Denver in Colorado
Location of Colorado in the United States
|Founded||November 22 1858|
|Incorporated||November 7 1861|
|• Type||Strong Mayor/Weak Council|
|• Mayor||Michael Hancock (D)|
|• City||154.9 sq mi (401 km2)|
|• Land||153.3 sq mi (397 km2)|
|• Water||1.6 sq mi (4 km2) 1.03%|
|• Metro||8,414.4 sq mi (21,793 km2)|
|Elevation||5,280 ft (1,610 m)|
|• Density||3,642/sq mi (1,406/km2)|
|• Metro density||286/sq mi (110/km2)|
Denver is the capital and largest city in the U.S. state of Colorado. It is located at the foot of the Rocky Mountains on the South Platte River, and was founded in 1858. A nickname for Denver is The Mile High City, because Denver is very high above sea level. It is at least 5,280 feet (or 1,609 meters) above sea level at a point in the city's state capitol building. The dome at the top of the capitol building is covered in gold.
Denver City was founded in November 1858 during the Pikes Peak Gold Rush as a mining town in western Kansas Territory. That summer, a group of gold prospectors from Lawrence, Kansas, started a settlement on the banks of the South Platte River. They called it Montana City. This was the first settlement in what was later to become the city of Denver. The settlement faded quickly. By the summer of 1859 it was abandoned in favor of Auraria (named after the gold mining town of Auraria, Georgia), and St. Charles City.
The Colorado Territory was created on February 28, 1861, Arapahoe County was formed on November 1, 1861, and Denver City was incorporated on November 7, 1861. Denver City served as the Arapahoe County Seat from 1861 until consolidation in 1902. In 1867, Denver City became the Territorial Capital. With its new-found importance, Denver City shortened its name to just Denver. On August 1, 1876, Colorado was admitted to the Union.
Sports teams in Denver
- "Colorado State Capitol Building in Denver". milehighcity.com. http://www.milehighcity.com/capitol/. Retrieved June 23, 2010.
- "Denver: The Rocky Mountain metropolis time line". The City and County of Denver. January 1, 2006. http://www.denvergov.org/aboutdenver/history_timeline.asp. Retrieved August 30, 2006.
- "State Government History". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. April 18, 2001. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/arcgov.html. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
- "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. December 1, 2004. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/muninc.html. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
- Thomas J. Noel. "Denver History: The Golden Gamble". City and County of Denver. http://www.denvergov.org/aboutdenver/history_narrative_2.asp. Retrieved April 3, 2007.