The Nintendo GameCube (also called GameCube, NGC, GCN, or GC for short) is the fourth video game home console made by Nintendo. Nintendo's previous console was called the Nintendo 64. Nintendo's next console is called the Nintendo Wii, released in 2006 with models released before November 2011 being backwards compatible with GameCube games. The last game for the console was Madden NFL 08 (also released for the Wii and Nintendo DS), which was released on August 14, 2007. However, first-party development ended six months before that.
|Also known as||Dolphin (code name)|
|Type||Home video game console|
|Release date||September 14, 2001 NA|
|Discontinued||October 28, 2007 AUS|
|Operating system||Proprietary Nintendo operating system|
|CPU||32-bit IBM PowerPC 750CXe Gekko @ 485 MHz|
|Removable storage||GameCube memory card (16 MB max. capacity)|
|Graphics||ATI Flipper GPU @ 162 MHz with 3MB embedded 1T-SRAM|
|Sound||Analog stereo (Dolby Pro Logic II)|
|Controller input||GameCube controller, WaveBird, Game Boy Advance, various other input devices|
|Dimensions||150 × 161 × 110 mm|
5.9 × 6.3 × 4.3 in
(width × depth × height)
5 lb. 5 oz.
|Best-selling game||Super Smash Bros. Melee, Over 7 million |
|Select Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance games via Game Boy Player|
The GameCube also had many new features compared to other Nintendo video game consoles, and was the first Nintendo console to officially support Internet play (playing together without wires). It could also connect to the Game Boy Player to allow special features and play Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance games.
The console was released on September 14, 2001 in Japan, November 18, 2001 in North America, May 3, 2002 in Europe, and May 17, 2002 in Australia. The GameCube sold 21.74 million units worldwide. It was discontinued in early 2009 to focus production on the Wii and DS.
Nintendo was originally the most popular video game company. However, in the late 1990s, the Sony PlayStation began to hurt Nintendo's business. For the first time, Nintendo's main console, which in this case was the Nintendo 64, was not the best-selling console. It sold over thirty million units, which was good, but only half of what Nintendo's earlier NES did. Nintendo was starting to fear, but they decided to try again. The GameCube was essentially a really beefed up Nintendo 64. It used good and detailed 3D models, and Nintendo decided to put new games and new series on the system, rather than sticking to the same old thing. It is obviously shaped like a cube, and has a handle on the back.
In the end, the Nintendo GameCube did not do what Nintendo hoped it would do. It ended up selling just 21 million units, worse than the Nintendo 64. The PS2 was simply the way to go at the time, simply because it could play DVDs and had a bigger game library. The GameCube sold poorly because it used special discs that no one else used and looked like a toy to many young adults.
The GameCube's controllers have two analog joysticks. In many games, one of them is used to control a character, while the other is used to control the camera, or some other secondary function. In addition to the analog sticks and the directional pad (D-pad), there are eight buttons: A, B, Y, X, L, R, Z, and Start.
Nintendo later released a wireless version of the controller, called the WaveBird. Instead of wires, it used RF signals to communicate with the console and was powered by standard AA batteries.
The Nintendo GameCube was known for its popular first games, including:
- Luigi's Mansion
- Metroid Prime and Metroid Prime 2: Echoes
- Pikmin and Pikmin 2
- Super Smash Bros. Melee
- The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker
- Super Mario Sunshine
- The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess
- Mario Party 4, Mario Party 5, Mario Party 6, and Mario Party 7
- Mario Kart: Double Dash!!
- Wave Race Blue Storm
A group of schoolchildren exercise while playing the GameCube in Hilton, Derbyshire.
- Martyn Williams (August 24, 2001). "Nintendo unveils Gamecube launch plans". CNN. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- "Nintendo sets GameCube price - May 21, 2001". money.cnn.com.
- "Consolidated Sales Transition by Region" (PDF). Nintendo. 2008-07-30. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
- "Nintendo Jumps Online - IGN". 13 May 2002 – via www.ign.com.
- "Nintendo GameCube Specs". GameCubicle.
- Nintendo (March 10, 2008). "At Long Last, Nintendo Proclaims: Let the Brawls Begin on Wii!". Press release. https://www.nintendo.com/whatsnew/detail/1u0FthaPxTSSeJelWm4Jt8TI0VJlTt5j. Retrieved March 11, 2008. "The previous installment in the series, Super Smash Bros. Melee, is the best-selling game for Nintendo GameCube with 7.09 million copies sold worldwide."
- Minotti, Mike. "Here's who won each console war". VentureBeat. Retrieved 8 October 2023.
- Bonthuys, Darryn. "The Nintendo GameCube Is Twenty Years Old Today". GameSpot. Retrieved 8 October 2023.
- Requires the use of the Digital AV port, which was removed from later models