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Gap

Gap018.jpg
View of Gap.
Coat of arms of Gap
Administration
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Hautes-Alpes
Arrondissement Gap
Canton Chief town of 4 cantons
Intercommunality CA Gap-Tallard-Durance
Mayor Roger Didier[1]
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 625–2,360 m (2,051–7,743 ft)
(avg. 1,493 m/4,898 ft)
Land area1 110.43 km2 (42.64 sq mi)
Population2 40,225  (2014)
 - Density 364/km2 (940/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 05061/ 05000
Website www.ville-gap.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Gap is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is the préfecture (capital), and main city, of the department.

Gap is the highest prefecture (departmental capital) of France; the city is in a valley whose bottom is at an altitude of about 735 m (2,411 ft) above sea level.

Geography

Gap is in the south central part of the Hautes-Alpes department. The Luye, a tributary of the Durance river, flows through the city.

It has an area of 110.4 km2 (42.6 sq mi).[2] Its average altitude is 1,493 m (4,898 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 767 m (2,516 ft).[3]

The distances from Gap to other cities are:[4]

Gap and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Gap

The commune of Gap is surrounded by 17 communes: Laye, Saint-Laurent-du-Cros, Forest-Saint-Julien, La Rochette, Rambaud, Jarjayes, Neffes, Châteauvieux, Lettret, Pelleautier, La Roche-des-Arnauds, La Freissinouse, La Fare-en-Champsaur, Poligny, Le Noyer, Le Dévoluy, Rabou

Climate

The climate of Gap, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[4]

Population

The inhabitants of Gap are known, in French, as Gapençais (women: Gapençaises).[5]

With a population of 40,225,[6] Gap has a population density of 364 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Gap <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:45000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:10000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:5000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2011 text:2011
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 23994
bar:1975 from:0 till: 28233
bar:1982 from:0 till: 30676
bar:1990 from:0 till: 33444
bar:1999 from:0 till: 36262
bar:2006 from:0 till: 37332
bar:2011 from:0 till: 40654
bar:2014 from:0 till: 40225

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 23994 fontsize:S text: 23,994 shift:(-12,12)
bar:1975 at: 28233 fontsize:S text: 28,233 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 30676 fontsize:S text: 30,676 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 33444 fontsize:S text: 33,444 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1999 at: 36262 fontsize:S text: 36,262 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2006 at: 37332 fontsize:S text: 37,332 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2011 at: 40654 fontsize:S text: 40,654 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2014 at: 40225 fontsize:S text: 40,225 shift:(-15,5)

</timeline>

Gap forms with La Rochette the urban area of Gap with a population of 40,700 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 120.8 km2 (46.6 sq mi).[7] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Gap, formed by 39 communes, with a population of 62,567 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 756.6 km2 (292.1 sq mi).[8]

Administration

Gap is the prefecture of the Hautes-Alpes department, the capital of the arrondissement of Gap and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of four cantons:

  • Gap-1 formed by a part of Gap, with 9,895 inhabitants (2014).
  • Gap-2 formed by a part of Gap, with 10,743 inhabitants (2014).
  • Gap-3 formed by a part of Gap, with 10,346 inhabitants (2014).
  • Gap-4 formed by a part of Gap, with 9,241 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Gap-Tallard-Durance (French: Communauté d'agglomération Gap-Tallard-Durance).

Twin towns

Gap is twinned with:

Gallery

A panoramic view of Gap
A panoramic view of Gap

References

  1. "L'équipe municipale" (in French). Ville de Gap. http://www.ville-gap.fr/l-equipe-municipale. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  2. "Commune de Gap (05061)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-05061. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  3. "City of Gap". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Gap-05000/. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Ville de Gap" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-gap.html. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  5. "Hautes-Alpes" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/hautes-alpes-05. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  6. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep05.pdf. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  7. "Unité urbaine de Gap (05401)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-05401. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  8. "Aire urbaine de Gap (136)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-136. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 

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