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Golan Heights

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هضبة الجولان
רמת הגולן
Location of Golan Heights
Country Syrian territory occupied by Israel.[1][2]
 • Total 1,800 km2 (700 sq mi)
 • Occupied by Israel 1,200 km2 (500 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,814 m (9,232 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)

The Golan Heights is a strip of land in southwestern Syria that was occupied by Israel in the Six Day War of 1967.[3] The United Nations has voted to ask Israel to pull its troops out of the Golan Heights.[4] Syria and Israel still have not signed a peace treaty from that war, mostly because of the issue of the Golan. They almost reached a peace deal but they could not agree on where to draw the line, and what Syria would have to do in return.[5] On the western edge of the Golan Heights is a range of extinct volcanos.

In January 2013, the Israeli government said it planned to build a wall along the eastern edges of the Golan Heights, on what it claims is its border with Syria.[6]



  1. See the following:
    • "The international community maintains that the Israeli decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in the occupied Syrian Golan is null and void and without international legal effect." International Labour Office (2009). The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories (International government publication ed.). International Labour Office. p. 23. ISBN 978-92-2-120630-9
  2. "Golan Heights profile". BBC. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  3. "Golan Heights". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Profile: Golan Heights". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  5. "The Syrian Golan". Permanent Mission of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  6. Israel becomes a fortress nation as it walls itself off from the Arab Spring, NBC News, March 20, 2013.

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