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Location of Haryana in India
Location of Haryana in India
Coordinates (Chandigarh): 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73°N 76.78°E / 30.73; 76.78Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73°N 76.78°E / 30.73; 76.78
Country India
Statehood1 November 1966
CapitalChandigarh
Largest cityFaridabad
Districts22
Government
 • GovernorSatyadev Narayan Arya
 • Chief MinisterManohar Lal Khattar (BJP)
 • Deputy Chief MinisterDushyant Chautala (JJP)
 • LegislatureUnicameral (90 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituencyRajya Sabha 5
Lok Sabha 10
Area
 • Total44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)
Area rank21st
Population
 (2011)
 • Total25,353,081
 • Rank18th
 • Density573/km2 (1,480/sq mi)
 • Density rank11
Languages[2]
 • OfficialHindi
 • Additional official
GDP (2019–20)
 • TotalINR7.84 lakh crore (US$130 billion)
 • Per capitaINR251575 (US$4,300)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR-xx
HDIIncrease 0.704 (2017)[4] (High)
HDI rank7th
Sex ratio879/[5]
Websiteharyana.gov.in
^† Joint Capital with Punjab
†† Common for Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh.
Symbols of Haryana
Mammal
Antilope cervicapra from velavadar.JPG
Black buck
Bird
Black Francolin.jpg
Black francolin
Flower
Sacred lotus Nelumbo nucifera.jpg
Lotus
Tree
Ficus religiosa Bo.jpg
Peepal

Haryana (Hindustani pronunciation: [ɦərɪˈjaːɳaː]) is a state in the Republic of India. It is the birthplace of Hinduism. The main dialect spoken in the area is Haryanvi. The area is 17,122 square miles (44,350 km2). It is larger than Denmark but smaller than Estonia. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the North Indian zone.

Provincial symbols of Haryana

Sources

  1. "Haryana at a Glance". http://www.haryana.gov.in/knowharyana/haryanaglance.html. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  2. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)". Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 85–86. http://www.nclm.nic.in/shared/linkimages/NCLM52ndReport.pdf. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  3. "Budget At Glance Haryana 2019-20: Per Capita Income" (PDF). Department of Economic and Statistical Analysis, Haryana Government. p. 9. http://web1.hry.nic.in/budget/Bgfinal.pdf. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  4. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database" (in en). Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. https://hdi.globaldatalab.org/areadata/shdi/. Retrieved 24 October 2018. 
  5. "Haryana Population Sex Ratio in Haryana Literacy rate data". Census Commission of India. http://www.census2011.co.in/census/state/haryana.html. Retrieved 13 August 2017.