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Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland) is a peninsula in northern Europe. It forms the mainland part of Denmark and a northern part of Germany. It separates the North Sea from the Baltic Sea. Its terrain is relatively flat, with low hills and peat bogs. It has an area of 29,775 km² (11,496 square miles), and a population of 2,491,852 (2004).
The northern two thirds of the peninsula are occupied by the westernmost portion of the Kingdom of Denmark. There is no separate name for the Danish portion of the peninsula, so it is simply called the same name. The northernmost part of Jutland became an island following a flood in 1825; the Limfjord now separates it from the mainland. This island is called Nørrejydske Ø ("North Jutlandic Island") and is still commonly reckoned as part of the peninsula; it is also partly coterminous with the county and future region called North Jutland.
The southern third is made up of the German Bundesland of Schleswig-Holstein, with the duchies of Schleswig (also Sønderjylland/Southern Jutland) and Holstein. Both duchies have passed back and forth between the Danes and various German rulers. In the last border movement, Denmark regained North Schleswig (Nordslesvig in Danish) by plebiscite in 1920. Southern Schleswig remained German.
The River Elbe forms the southern border of Jutland with the city of Hamburg on its shore. The Danish Wadden Sea Islands and the North Frisian Islands stretch along the southwest coast of Jutland in the German Bight.
Jutes and Jats
The largest cities on the Jutland Peninsula are:
- Århus, Denmark
- Kiel, Germany
- Lübeck, Germany
- Aalborg, Denmark
- Flensburg, Germany
- Esbjerg, Denmark
- Randers, Denmark
- Kolding, Denmark
- Vejle, Denmark
- Horsens, Denmark
- [|Collins, Steven M.]. "Asia's "Jats" and "Alani" Become Europe's "Jutes" and "Alans" - The Two Houses of Israel Information Center". The Two Houses of Israel Information Center. http://www.israelite.info/bookexcerpts/israelstribestoday.html. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- [|Collins, Steven M.] (2005). Israel's Tribes Today. Book 4 of Lost tribes of Israel, Steven M. Collins (illustrated ed.). Bible Blessings. . http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ApZsAAAACAAJ.
- Jindal, Mangal Sen (1992). History of origin of some clans in India, with special reference to Jats. Sarup & Sons. . http://books.google.co.in/books?id=XCtuAAAAMAAJ.
- MacMunn, G. (Lt. Gen. and Sir), The Martial Races of India, reprinted by Mittal Publications, Delhi, India, 1979, pp. 123, 126, first published in 1932. Quote 1: "To him (Dalip Singh a Jat and the last king of the Sikh kingdom) his friend Colonel Sleeman, the famous Indian political officer, wrote, " I see you are going to live in Kent (a district in South-East England). You will be among your own people there, for you are a Jat and the men of Kent are Jats from Jutland", and no doubt he (Col. Sleeman) was speaking ethnological truth."; Quote 2: "The Jat Sikhs mighty and curled of beard, kin perhaps to the men of Kent, the Jutes from Jutland."
- Dhillon, Balbir Singh (1994). "History of the Alans, Sarmatians, Scythians, Goths and Jutes". History and study of the Jats: with reference to Sikhs, Scythians, Alans, Sarmatians, Goths, and Jutes (illustrated ed.). Canada: Beta Publishers. p. 85-88. . http://books.google.co.in/books?id=U9KpAAAACAAJ.
- Khan, Akbar (1947). Echo of the Himalayas: a nationalist interpretation of India's history. Oriental Books. p. 43. http://books.google.co.in/books?ei=2j42UMGsFc_rrQfu14DoCg&id=0C-9UwbC4twC&q=Jutes#search_anchor.
- Rousselet, Louis; Buckle, Charles Randolph (1882). India and its native princes. Travels in Central India and in the presidencies of Bombay and Bengal. London Bickers. http://archive.org/stream/indiaitsnativepr00rousuoft/indiaitsnativepr00rousuoft_djvu.txt.
- Asia's "Jats" and "Alani" Become Europe's "Jutes" and "Alans" - The Two Houses of Israel Information Center