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Kashō (early Heian period)

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For the "Kashō" era which started in 1106 -- sometimes romanized as "Kajō", see Kashō (late Heian period).

Kashō (嘉祥?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name"), also known as Kajō,[1] after Jōwa and before Ninju. This period started in June 848 and ended in April 851.[2] During this time, the emperors were Ninmyō-tennō (仁明天皇?) and Montoku-tennō (文徳天皇?).[3]

Events of the 9th century Kashō era

In Kashō 3, Tachibana no Kachiko established a Buddhist temple which was a precursor of Tenryū-ji
  • 18 February 848 (Kashō 1, 10th day of the 1st month): Fujiwara Yoshifusa (904-872) was given an important office in the court.[4] Yoshifusa's daughter became Emperor Montoku's wife and the mother of Emperor Seiwa.[5]
  • 848 (Kashō 1, 6th month): A rare white tortoise was discovered in Bungo Province. The tortoise was understood as a sign of good luck.[6]
  • 849 (Kashō 2, 4th month): An ambassador from Baekje was received at court.[6]
  • 849 (Kashō 2, 10th month): Nimmyo's his 40th birthday was an event.[6]
  • 849 (Kashō 2, 11th month): The emperor toured the capital in a grand parade.[6]
  • 850 (Kashō 3, 1st month): The emperor made an official visit to the home of his mother.[7]

Related pages


  1. Clement, Ernest W. (1903). A Handbook of Modern Japan, p. 333.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kashō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 486.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 106-113; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 283-284; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 164-165.
  4. Titsingh, p. 111; Brown, p. 284.
  5. Titsingh, p. 113; Brown, p. 284 n58.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Titisngh, p. 111.
  7. Titingh, p. 111; Varley, p. 165.
  8. Titsingh, p. 112; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 仁明天皇 (54); retrieved 2011-12-29.
  9. Brown, p. 284.
  10. Titsingh, p. 112, Brown, p. 284.
  11. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-29.
  12. Titsingh, p. 112.

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Kashō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
848 849 850 851
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