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Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka Matha
Mother Sri Lanka
CapitalSri Jayawardenapura Kotte[1][2]
6°54′N 79°54′E / 6.9°N 79.9°E / 6.9; 79.9
Largest city Colombo
Official languages Sinhala
Demonym Sri Lankan
Government Unitary republic Democratic Socialist
Semi-presidential system
 -  President Mahinda Rajapaksa
 -  Prime Minister D. M. Jayaratne
 -  Speaker of the House Chamal Rajapaksa
 -  Chief Justice Dr. Shirani Bandaranayake
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Dominion (Self rule) February 4, 1948 
 -  Republic May 22, 1972 
 -  Total 65,610 km2 (122nd)
25,332 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 4.4
 -  2010 estimate 20,238,000[3] (56th)
 -  Mid 2010 census 20,653,000[4]
 -  Density 308.5/km2 (44th)
798.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $158 billion[5] (66th)
 -  Per capita $7900[5]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $64 billion[5] (73rd)
 -  Per capita $3,200[5]
Gini (2010)36
HDI (2011)Increase 0.691[6]
medium · 97th
Currency Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Date format dd/mm/yy, dd/mm/yyyy, yyyy/mm/dd (AD)
Drives on the left
Calling code 94
Internet TLD .lk, .ලංකා, .இலங்கை

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (in Sinhala in Tamil) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent. The capital of the country is Sri Jayawardanapura while the largest city is Colombo.

It was known as Ceylon before 1972, and Serendib and Sinhale, among other names, before that. It is South Asia's oldest democracy.

National symbols of Sri Lanka


The Sri Lanka flag is also known as the Lion flag because of the Lion on it. The Lion is holding a sword in its right paw. There is a crimson background with four leaves in each corner. There is a yellow border. On the left of the flag there are the colors green and saffron.

The lion represents bravery. The four leaves represents Karuna, Meththa, Muditha and Upeksha. The orange stripe represents the Sri Lankan Tamils and the green stripe represents the Sri Lankan Moors.


Sri Lanka has 9 provinces.

Related pages


  1. "Sri Lanka at a Glance". Sri Lanka Board of Tourism. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  2. "Sri Lanka: Parliament History". The Official Website of the Government of Sri Lanka. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
  3. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
  4. "Estimated mid year population by sex and district - 2010" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics - Sri Lanka. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: Sri Lanka". International Monetary Fund. April 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  6. "Human Development Report 2011. Human development index trends: Table 1" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 5 November 2011.

Other websites