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The basic parts of a radar are:
- The transmitter creates the radio waves.
- The antenna directs the radio waves.
- The receiver measures the waves which are bounced back by the object.
By doing this, the radar can locate the object. Radar is used in many different ways. It can measure the speed and number of cars on a road, the amount of water in the air, and many other things.
Radar was first used in 1904 by Christian Hülsmeyer. He was given a patent for radar (Reichspatent Nr. 165546). Radar was vital in the Battle of Britain and other parts of World War II. The Axis countries failed to keep up with British and American radar technology during the war.
The word RADAR was created in 1942 as an acronym for Radio Detection and Ranging. This acronym replaced the British initialism RDF (Radio Direction Finding). The word is now thought of by many people as a regular word, no longer as an acronym.
The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) use several kinds of radar:
- ARSR (Air Route Surveillance Radar)
- ASR (Airport Surveillance Radar)
- ASDE (Airport Surface Detection Equipment)
- TDWR (Terminal Doppler Weather Radar)
- PAR (Precision Approach Radar)
- "How Radar Works". Bureau of meteorology. Australian Government. http://www.bom.gov.au/australia/radar/about/what_is_radar.shtml#wir. Retrieved 28 May 2015.