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Royal Proclamation of 1763
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, by King George III after Great Britain gained French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War. The purpose of the Proclamation was to organize Britain's large North American empire, and to make relations with Native Americans better and more stable by controlling trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier. The Proclamation stated that Americans could not settle or buy land west of the Appalachian Mountains. This angered colonists because many already had land in that area. Tempted by great farm land, settlers continued to flow into the Ohio River Valley and Great Britain was unable to provide adequate protection for those colonists. Also, the Proclamation gave Great Britain a monopoly in land bought from Native Americans.
Reasons why British and French were against the Proclamation
Reasons for French being against the royal proclamation
- Boundaries of Québec were very limited.
- Catholics not permitted to run for office.
- Did not think the proposed assembly would represent the views of the population.
- Were concerned about the future of the Roman Catholic Church.
- Could not fur trade outside of the proclaimed boundaries.
Reasons for British being against the royal proclamation
- Did not fancy the restrictions placed on fur trade.
- Members of the 13 colonies did not appreciate the restriction placed on westbound expansion.
- Were not satisfied by the proposal for an elected assembly.
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