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Ruhollah Khomeini

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File:تصویر خمینی.jpg
Ruhollah Khomeini, an Iranian Muslim leader, in 1979

Ayatollah Sayyed Ruhollah Mustafavi Khomeini (born September 24, 1902 [need more reference] in Khomein, Central Iran (then Persia),[1] died June 3, 1989) (Persian: روح الله موسوی خمینی) also known as Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Muslim leader. (An Imam is a spiritual leader who is respected, and an Ayatollah Sayyed is someone who holds both a political and religious position of power). Khomeini was the political leader of the Islamic Revolution in 1979.[1]

Khomeini was also a poet. His poems are collected together in an Imam Divan. Khomeini died of intestinal cancer and a heart attack[2] on June 3, 1989, in Tehran at the age of 87.

Political life

On June 5, 1964, Khomeini was arrested and sent into exile.[1] He was exiled to Iraq, Turkey and then to France.[1] Khomeini gave many speeches in France against Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. On January 16, 1979, Pahlavi left Iran. Two weeks later, on February 1, Khomeini returned to Iran.

He received a traditional religious education in Qom (city in Iran). When he lived in Najaf (a holy city in Iraq) for some years, he spoke about Islam ideas about Government. During that time, he refined his theory of velayat-e faqih ("government of the jurist").[3]

On February 11, 1979, Khomeini appointed his first own prime minister, Medhi Bazargan. On March 30, 1979 a referendum took place in Iran and as a result, the monarchy was replaced with an Islamic Republic.[1] After the Islamic Revolution, Khomeini became Supreme Leader of Iran.



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