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flag of Silesia coat of arms
Map Prussia-Silesia
Country: Poland
Province: Śląsk
German name: Schlesien
Capital: Wroclaw, Katowice, Opole
Basic statistics
Area: 40,319.2 km²
Population: 4,868,764 (1939)
Time zone: UTC+1 (MEZ)

Silesia (Polish: Śląsk; German: Schlesien; Latin: Silesia; Silesian: Ślůnsk) is a historical region of Poland. Between 17421945, it was the eastern part of Germany and was a Prussian province. In 1945, all of Poland country was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. In the following years, the occupant enacted laws that in effect chased away the remaining all of owners (communism).


Silesia is along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes mountains and the Carpathian Mountains.

The highest point of Silesia is the Śnieżka - in the Sudetes mountains.

Administrative region of Wroclaw (Breslau), 1914

Administrative region of Breslau, 1914


The largest cities of Silesia (Population of 1939):

Name Population
Wrocław 630,041
Katowice 127,044 (1931)
Zabrze 126,211
Gliwice 117,323
Chorzów 102,349 (1931)
Bytom 100,891
Zgorzelec 93,823
Legnica 83,701
Walbrzych 64,072
Opole 52,992
Racibórz 50,000

Other Cities are: Brzeg, Boleslawiec, Kozle, Zabkowice Slaskie, Klodzko, Głogów, Strzelce Opolskie, Zielona Gora, Zlotoryja, Jelenia Gora, Glubczyce, Nysa, Swidnica, Trzebnica

Famous people

There are many famous people who were born in Silesia:


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