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Tian Shan

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Tian Shan
Central Tian Shan mountains.jpg
The Tian Shan range on the border between China and Kyrgyzstan with Khan Tengri (7,010 m) visible at center
Elevation7,439 m (24,406 ft)
Coordinates42°02′06″N 80°07′32″E / 42.03500°N 80.12556°E / 42.03500; 80.12556
Official name: Xinjiang Tianshan
Criteria:vii, ix
Designated:2013 (37th session)
Reference #:1414
State Party:China
Official name: Western Tien-Shan
Designated:2016 (40th session)
Reference #:1490
State Party:Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan

The Tian Shan[a] is a large system of mountain ranges in Central Asia. The tallest mountain is Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 metres (24,406 ft) high.[1] The eastern part of the ranges became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2013.[2] The western part in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan became a World Heritage Site in 2016.[3] The ranges are along the border with China and Kyrgyzstan, and stretches towards the west. The ancient North Silk Road used to go next to the mountain range for people to travel between East Asia and the Middle East. They would follow the mountain range when travelling through the Taklamakan Desert.


  1. Scheffel, Richard L., ed. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. pp. 378. ISBN 978-0-89577-087-5 . 
  2. 新疆天山成功申遗
  3. "Western Tien-Shan" (in en). United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 


  1. Chinese: {{{1}}}, Dungan: Тянсан, Tiansan; Template:Lang-otk, Tenğri tağ; Turkish: Tanrı Dağı; Mongolian: Тэнгэр уул, Tenger uul; Uyghur: تەڭرىتاغ, Tengri tagh, Тәңри тағ; Kazakh: Тәңіртауы / Алатау, Táńirtaýy / Alataý, تٵ‬ڭٸرتاۋى / الاتاۋ; Kyrgyz: Теңир-Тоо / Ала-Тоо, Teñir-Too / Ala-Too, تەڭىر-توو / الا-توو; Uzbek: Tyan-Shan / Tangritog‘, Тян-Шан / Тангритоғ, تيەن-شەن / تەڭرىتاغ
This article is about a World Heritage Site