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Nicholas II of Russia

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Nicholas II
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
Nicholas II of Russia painted by Earnest Lipgart.jpg
Reign 1 November 1894 – 15 March 1917
Born 18 May 1868
Birthplace Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died 17 July 1918 age 50
Place of death Yekaterinburg, Russia
Predecessor Alexander III of Russia
Successor Empire ended, next Russian Head of State and Government is Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
Consort Alix of Hesse and by Rhine
Children Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duke Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich
Royal House House of Romanov
Father Alexander III of Russia
Mother Dagmar Maria Fyodrovna of Denmark

Nicholas II of Russia, (May 18, 1868July 17, 1918) was the last Tsar or Emperor of the Russian Empire. He became Tsar in 1894 after his father, Tsar Alexander III died. He married Princess Alix of Hesse, who was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and they had five children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexi. Alexi suffered from a disease called haemophilia, which caused his parents great sadness.

World War I created many problems for Russia and the Tsar. In 1917 there was a revolution and he abdicated (gave up being Tsar) in March of that year.[1] He and his family were held as prisoners under house arrest. On July 17, 1918, Nicholas, his wife, and their children were killed by a firing squad. In 1981, the Tsar and his family were made Saints by the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1990, the bones of the Tsar and his family were found in the woods and given a proper burial in 1998.


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