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National Security Advisor (United States)



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Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Jake-Sullivan-WH.png
Incumbent
Jake Sullivan

since January 20, 2021
Executive Office of the President
Member ofNational Security Council
Homeland Security Council
Reports toPresident of the United States
AppointerPresident of the United States
Constituting instrumentNational Security Presidential Memorandum[1]
Formation1953
First holderRobert Cutler
DeputyDeputy National Security Advisor (DNSA)
WebsiteWhiteHouse.gov/NSC

The National Security Advisor, officially known as the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, serves as the top advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. This person serves on the National Security Council within the President's Executive Office.

The National Security Advisor is appointed by the President, and does not have to be approved by the United States Senate. The current National Security Advisor is Jake Sullivan.

List of National Security Advisors

No. Portrait Name Term of office[2] President(s) served under
Start End Days
1 Robert Cutler (1895–1974) March 23, 1953 April 2, 1955 740 Dwight D. Eisenhower
2 Dillon Anderson (1906–1974) April 2, 1955 September 1, 1956 519
Acting William Harding Jackson.jpg William Harding Jackson (1901–1971)[3][4][5] September 1, 1956 January 7, 1957 128
3 Robert Cutler (1895–1974) January 7, 1957 June 24, 1958 533
4 Gordon Gray - Project Gutenberg etext 20587.jpg Gordon Gray (1909–1982) June 24, 1958 January 13, 1961 934
5 McGeorge Bundy.jpg McGeorge Bundy (1919–1996) January 20, 1961 February 28, 1966 1865 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
6 Walt Rostow 1968.jpg Walt Whitman Rostow (1916–2003) April 1, 1966 January 20, 1969 1025
7 Henry Kissinger.jpg Henry Kissinger (1923–) January 20, 1969 November 3, 1975 2478 Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
8 National Security Advisor Brent Scowcroft at a meeting following the assassinations in Beirut, 1976 - NARA - 7064964.jpg Brent Scowcroft (1925–2020) November 3, 1975
(first appointment)
January 20, 1977 444
9 Zbigniew Brzezinski, 1977.jpg Zbigniew Brzezinski (1928–2017) January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 1461 Jimmy Carter
10 Richard V. Allen 1981.jpg Richard V. Allen (1936–) January 21, 1981 January 4, 1982 348 Ronald Reagan
Acting James W. Nance.png James W. Nance (1921–1999)[6] November 30, 1981 January 4, 1982 37
11 William patrick clark.png William P. Clark, Jr. (1931–2013) January 4, 1982 October 17, 1983 651
12 Robert Mcfarlane IAGS.jpg Robert McFarlane (1937–) October 17, 1983 December 4, 1985 779
13 Admiral John Poindexter, official Navy photo, 1985.JPEG John Poindexter (1936–) December 4, 1985 November 25, 1986 356
14 Frank Carlucci official portrait.JPEG Frank Carlucci (1930–2018) December 2, 1986 November 23, 1987 356
15 ColinPowell.JPEG Colin Powell (1937–) November 23, 1987 January 20, 1989 424
16 Brent Scowcroft.jpg Brent Scowcroft (1925–2020) January 20, 1989
(second appointment)
January 20, 1993 1461 George H. W. Bush
17 Anthony Lake 0c175 7733.jpg Anthony Lake (1939–) January 20, 1993 March 14, 1997 1514 Bill Clinton
18 Official Portrait of United States National Security Advisor Samuel Richard "Sandy" Berger.jpg Sandy Berger (1945–2015) March 14, 1997 January 20, 2001 1408
19 Condoleezza Rice cropped.jpg Condoleezza Rice (1954–) January 22, 2001[7] January 25, 2005[7] 1464 George W. Bush
20 Stephen Hadley Natl Security Advisor bio photo.jpg Stephen Hadley (1947–) January 26, 2005[7] January 20, 2009 1455
21 James L. Jones 2.jpg James L. Jones (1943–)[8] January 20, 2009 October 8, 2010 626 Barack Obama
22 Thomas Donilon.jpg Thomas E. Donilon (1955–)[9] October 8, 2010 July 1, 2013[10] 997
23 Susan Rice official photo (cropped).jpg Susan Rice (1964–)[10] July 1, 2013[10] January 20, 2017 1299
24 Michael T Flynn.jpg Michael Flynn (1958–) January 20, 2017 February 13, 2017 24 Donald Trump
Acting Keith Kellogg 2000.jpg Keith Kellogg (1944–) February 13, 2017 February 20, 2017 7
25 Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster.jpg H. R. McMaster (1962–) February 20, 2017 April 9, 2018 412
26 John R. Bolton official photo (cropped).jpg John Bolton (1948–) April 9, 2018 September 10, 2019 520
Acting Reagan Contact Sheet C42578 (cropped).jpg Charles Kupperman (1950–) September 10, 2019 September 18, 2019 8
27 Robert C. O'Brien.jpg Robert O’Brien (1966–) September 18, 2019 January 20, 2021 490
28 Jake-Sullivan-WH.png Jake Sullivan (1976–)[11] January 20, 2021 Incumbent 243 Joe Biden

     Denotes acting


References

  1. "National Security Presidential Memorandum–4 of April 4, 2017". https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-04-06/pdf/2017-07064.pdf#page=4. 
  2. "History of the National Security Council, 1947-1997". National Security Council. White House. August 1997. https://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/history.html. 
  3. Burke, John P. (2009) (in en). Honest Broker?: The National Security Advisor and Presidential Decision Making. Texas A&M University Press. p. 26. ISBN 9781603441025 . 
  4. "Foreign Relations of the United States, 1955–1957, National Security Policy, Volume XIX". Department of State, Office of the Historian. https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1955-57v19/persons. 
  5. Lay, James S.; Johnson, Robert H. (1960). Organizational history of the National Security Council during the Truman and Eisenhower administrations. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency. pp. 40. 
  6. Weisman, Steven R. (1982-01-02). "REAGAN REPLACING SECURITY ADVISER, OFFICIALS REPORT" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://www.nytimes.com/1982/01/02/us/reagan-replacing-security-adviser-officials-report.html. Retrieved 2020-11-25. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 The National Security Advisor and Staff: p. 33.
  8. The Office of the President Elect (December 1, 2008). "Key members of Obama-Biden national security team announced". Press release. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20081201182614/http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/key_members_of_obama_biden_national_security_team_announced/. Retrieved December 1, 2008. 
  9. "Donilon to replace Jones as national security adviser". CNN. October 2010. http://www.cnn.com/2010/POLITICS/10/08/obama.jones.replacement. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Scott Wilson and Colum Lynch (June 5, 2013). National security team shuffle may signal more activist stance at White House. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/tom-donilon-resigning-as-national-security-adviser-susan-rice-to-replace-him/2013/06/05/b296f36a-cdd3-11e2-8f6b-67f40e176f03_story.html. 
  11. "Biden to appoint Jake Sullivan as national security adviser". cbsnews.com. https://www.cbsnews.com/amp/news/biden-jake-sullivan-national-security-adviser/.