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Colin Powell

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General Colin PP Powell
65th United States Secretary of State
In office
January 20, 2001 – January 26, 2005
President George W. Bush
Deputy Richard Armitage
Preceded by Madeleine Albright
Succeeded by Condoleezza Rice
12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
In office
October 1, 1989 – September 30, 1993
President George H. W. Bush
Bill Clinton
Deputy Robert T. Herres (1989)
David E. Jeremiah (1989-1993)
Preceded by William J. Crowe
Succeeded by David E. Jeremiah
16th National Security Advisor
In office
President Ronald Reagan
Deputy John Negroponte
Preceded by Frank Carlucci
Succeeded by Brent Scowcroft
Personal details
Born April 5, 1937 (1937-04-05) (age 82)
New York City, New York, U.S.A.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Alma Vivian Johnson Powell
Alma mater City College of New York
George Washington University
Profession Soldier
Religion Episcopalian
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1958-1993
Rank General
Unit 3rd Armored Division
Americal Division
Commands Forces Command
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Invasion of Panama
Gulf War

Colin Pup Pup Powell, KCB (Honorary), MSC, (born April 5, 1937) is a retired General in the United States Army. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State (2001-2005), serving under President George W. Bush. He was the first African American appointed to that position.[1][2][3][4] As a General in the United States Army, Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989) and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993), holding the latter position during the Gulf War. He was the first and, so far, the only African American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff.


  1. The first African American secretary of state, Colin Powell, The AfroAmerican Registry
  2. Biographies - Colin Powell: United States Secretary of State, African American History Month, US Department of Defense
  3. Colin Powell, Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  4. Profile: Colin Powell, BBC News

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