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Cahors

Cahors pont Valentre vgen.jpg
Valentré bridge
Flag of Cahors
Coat of arms of Cahors
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Lot
Arrondissement Cahors
Canton Cahors-1
Cahors-2
Cahors-3
Intercommunality Le Grand Cahors
Mayor Jean-Marc Vayssouze-Faure[1]
Statistics
Elevation 105–332 m (344–1,089 ft)
(avg. 122 m/400 ft)
Land area1 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi)
Population2 19,630  (2014)
 - Density 271/km2 (700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 46042/ 46000
Website www.mairie-cahors.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Cahors (Occitan: Caors) is a commune in southwestern France. Located in the region of Occitanie, it is the prefecture (capital) of the Lot department. It is also the capital of 3 cantons: Cahors-1, Cahors-2 and Cahors-3.

Cahors was the capital of the old province of Quercy and the people of this city are known, in French, as cadurciens (women: cadurciennes); this name comes from the old name of the city, Carduca.[2]

History

Cahors is an ancient town. The people that inhabited the area at the time of the Roman conquest were called Carduci and so the Romans named the town as Divona or Divona Cadurcorum, "Divona of the Cadurci"; Divona was a source of water, now called "fontaine des Chartreux". The word Cahors comes from Cadurcorum.

Geography

Cahors is located in the southwest of France, in the old province of Quercy, in the valley of the Lot river, and is found in a peninsula (French: presqu'île) formed by an U-shaped meander of that river which gives its name to the department.

It has an area of 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi) and its average altitude is 219 m (719 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 122 m (400 ft).[3]

Cahors and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Cahors

The commune is at 115 km (71 mi) north of Toulouse and is surrounded by the communes Mercuès, Calamane, Pradines, Arcambal, Lamagdelaine, Laroque-des-Arcs, Trespoux-Rassiels, Labastide-Marnhac, Le Montat and Flaujac-Poujols.

Climate

The climate of Cahors, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[4]

Population

With a population of 19,630,[5] Cahors has a population density of 271 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Cahors <timeline> Colors=

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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:22000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:2000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:1000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2011 text:2011
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 19128
bar:1975 from:0 till: 20226
bar:1982 from:0 till: 19707
bar:1990 from:0 till: 19735
bar:1999 from:0 till: 20003
bar:2006 from:0 till: 20062
bar:2011 from:0 till: 20224
bar:2014 from:0 till: 19630

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 19128 fontsize:S text: 19,128 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 20226 fontsize:S text: 20,226 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 19707 fontsize:S text: 19,707 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 19735 fontsize:S text: 19,735 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1999 at: 20003 fontsize:S text: 20,003 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2006 at: 20062 fontsize:S text: 20,062 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2011 at: 20224 fontsize:S text: 20,224 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2014 at: 19630 fontsize:S text: 19,630 shift:(-15,5)

</timeline>

Cahors forms, together with the commune Pradines, the urban area of Cahors, with a population of 23,090 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 81.2 km2 (31.4 sq mi).[6] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Cahors, formed by 44 communes with a population of 44,255 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 712.9 km2 (275.3 sq mi).[7]

Administration

Cahors is the prefecture of the Lot department, the capital of the arrondissement of Cahors and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the Cahors-1, Cahors-2 and Cahors-3 cantons.

It is part of the intercommunality Le Grand Cahors (French: Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Cahors).

Places of interest

Cahors Cathedral

Some places of interest are:

  • Pont Valentré (Valentré Bridge, Occitan: Pont de Balandras), a symbol of the town across the Lot river. It was built between 1308 and 1378.[8]
  • Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Cahors (Cahors Cathedral), a national monument in France.
  • Arc de Diane (Diane's Arch), remains of Roman baths.
  • Saint-Barthélémy Church (14th century).
  • Maison Henri IV or Hôtel de Roaldès (15th century).

Gallery

References

  1. "Le Maire de Cahors" (in French). Ville de Cahors. http://www.mairie-cahors.fr/cahors/maire.html. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  2. "Cahors" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_cahors_46042.html. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 
  3. "Cahors". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Cahors-46000/. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  4. "Ville de Cahors" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-cahors.html. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  5. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep46.pdf. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  6. "Unité urbaine de Cahors (46401)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-46401. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  7. "Aire urbaine de Cahors (162)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-162. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  8. "Valentré Bridge (Cahors, 1350)" (in French). Structurae - International Database for Civil and Structural Engineering. http://structurae.net/structures/data/index.cfm?ID=s0000635. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 

Related pages

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