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Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
What do they do?
It is responsible for consumer protection in the financial sector. They work within banks, credit unions, securities firms, payday lenders, mortgage-servicing operations, foreclosure relief services, debt collectors and other financial companies operating in the United States.
The CFPB's creation was made by the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, whose passage in 2010 was a legislative response to the financial crisis of 2007–08 and the eventual Great Recession. The CFPB was established as an independent agency, but this status is being reviewed by the U.S. Court of Appeals.
The CFPB is headed by a chief who is appointed by the President for a five-year term. The bureau is also assisted by a Consumer Advisory Council, which is composed of at least six members who are recommended by regional Federal Reserve presidents.
2020 Supreme Court decision
The Supreme Court of the United State (SCOTUS), in a 5-to-4 decision, ruled June 29, 2020, that the structure of the CFPB violates the separation-of-powers clause of the constitution since the bill directed that the CFPB director could be removed by the president only for "cause," defined as "inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office.
List of directors
Special Advisor Acting Director
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of residence||Took office||Left office||Tenure||Presidents|
|–||Elizabeth Warren||Massachusetts||September 17, 2010||August 1, 2011||0 years, 318 days||Barack Obama|
|–||Raj Date||District of Columbia||August 1, 2011||January 4, 2012||0 years, 156 days|
|1||Richard Cordray||Ohio||January 4, 2012||November 24, 2017||5 years, 16 days|
0 years, 308 days|
( 5 years, 324 days total)
|–||Mick Mulvaney||South Carolina||November 25, 2017||December 10, 2018||1 year, 15 days|
|2||Kathleen Kraninger||Ohio||December 11, 2018||January 20, 2021||2 years, 40 days|
- Eaglesham, Jean (February 9, 2011). "Warning Shot On Financial Protection". The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748703507804576130370862263258?mod=googlenews_wsj.
- "CFPB Issues An Alert Highlighting Extra Protections For Service Members And Veterans" (in en-US). https://www.anamarzablog.com/cfpb-issues-an-alert-highlighting-extra-protections-for-service-members-and-veterans/.
- Wattles, Jackie (November 24, 2017). "Richard Cordray resigns as head of Consumer Financial Protection Bureau". CNN Money. https://money.cnn.com/2017/11/24/news/cfpb-richard-cordray-resignation/index.html.
- Lane, Sylvan (2021-01-20). "Consumer bureau director resigns after Biden's inauguration" (in en). https://thehill.com/policy/finance/535053-consumer-bureau-director-resigns-after-bidens-inauguration.