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Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

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President Barack Obama nominated Richard Cordray as the bureau's first director in 2011
CFPB logo.svg

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is an agency of the United States government. It was established by President Barack Obama in 2011.

What do they do?

It is responsible for consumer protection in the financial sector. They work within banks, credit unions, securities firms, payday lenders, mortgage-servicing operations, foreclosure relief services, debt collectors and other financial companies operating in the United States.


The CFPB's creation was made by the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, whose passage in 2010 was a legislative response to the financial crisis of 2007–08 and the eventual Great Recession.[1] The CFPB was established as an independent agency, but this status is being reviewed by the U.S. Court of Appeals.


The CFPB is headed by a chief who is appointed by the President for a five-year term. The bureau is also assisted by a Consumer Advisory Council, which is composed of at least six members who are recommended by regional Federal Reserve presidents.

The first director of the CFPB was Ohio politician Richard Cordray who served from 2012 through 2017. The current Director is Kathleen Kraninger since December 11, 2018.[2]

2020 Supreme Court decision

The Supreme Court of the United State (SCOTUS), in a 5-to-4 decision, ruled June 29, 2020, that the structure of the CFPB violates the separation-of-powers clause of the constitution since the bill directed that the CFPB director could be removed by the president only for "cause," defined as "inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office.

List of directors


     Special Advisor      Acting Director

No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office Tenure Presidents
Elizabeth Warren Elizabeth Warren Massachusetts September 17, 2010 August 1, 2011 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0318.&&&&&0318 days Barack Obama
Raj Date District of Columbia August 1, 2011 January 4, 2012 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0156.&&&&&0156 days
1 Richard Cordray Richard Cordray Ohio January 4, 2012 November 24, 2017[3] &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.&&&&&05 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&016.&&&&&016 days
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&00 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0308.&&&&&0308 days
(&&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.&&&&&05 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0324.&&&&&0324 days total)
Donald Trump
Mick Mulvaney Mick Mulvaney South Carolina November 25, 2017 December 10, 2018 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 year, &&&&&&&&&&&&&015.&&&&&015 days
2 Mick Mulvaney Kathleen Kraninger Ohio December 11, 2018 January 20, 2021[4] &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&040.&&&&&040 days