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East Asian calligraphy




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East Asian calligraphy
書.svg
The traditional Chinese character for "writing" or "book".
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 書法
Simplified Chinese 书法
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Thư Pháp
Hán Nôm 書法
Korean name
Hangul 서예
Hanja 書藝
Japanese name
Kanji 書道
Hiragana しょどう (modern)
しよだう (historical)

The East Asian tradition of calligraphy originated and developed in China. The countries that use East Asian calligraphy are China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam.

Tools

In calligraphy, paper, ink, brush, ink stone, paperweight, and a desk pad are used.

Paper

The special paper used for calligraphy, is made of rice, paper mulberries, bamboo, hemp, etc.

Ink

The ink is made from soot and binders. It comes in sticks, and must be rubbed with water on an ink stone. Pre-mixed bottle inks are now available. Pre-mixed bottle inks are for practicing.

Brush

The body of the brush can be made of bamboo, or rare materials like red sandalwood, glass, ivory, silver and gold. The head of the brush is made of the hair of animals, like the wolf, rabbit, deer, chicken, duck, goat, pig and tiger, etc.

Ink stone

The ink stone is used to rub the solid ink stick into liquid ink.

Paperweight

They are used to weigh down paper. Paperweights come in several types, and they are collectible works of art.

Desk pad

The desk pad is a pad made out of felt. Students use these desk pads, which are printed with grids on both sides. When placed under the paper, the grid helps to make the words the right size, and ensures correct placement.

Notable calligraphers

Almost all traditionally educated men (and sometimes women) in East Asia are good in calligraphy. The most famous are:

China

Cry for noble Saichō (哭最澄上人), written by Emperor Saga for Saichō's death

See also [1]

Japan

Korea

Buiseonrando, which was written and painted by Kim Jeonghee

Styles

There are several word styles in calligraphy. Some of them are; Seal Script (often called small seal script), Clerical Script (sometimes called official, draft or scribal script), Semi-cursive Script (also called running script), Cursive Script (sometimes called grass script), Regular Script (often called ‘standard script’), Edomoji, Munjado, and Kao.

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