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Foix

Foix - Château et ville.jpg
View of Chateau de Foix in Lazema area
Flag of Foix
Coat of arms of Foix
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Foix
Canton Foix
Intercommunality Pays Foix-Varilhes
Mayor Norbert Meler[1] (PS)
(2014–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 358–933 m (1,175–3,061 ft)
(avg. 400 m/1,300 ft)
Land area1 19.32 km2 (7.46 sq mi)
Population2 9,721  (2014)
 - Density 503/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 09122/ 09000
Website www.mairie-foix.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Foix (Occitan: Fois; Catalan: Foix) is a commune, the former capital of the County of Foix. Today it is the préfecture of the Ariège department in southwestern France in the Occitanie region.

It is to south of Toulouse, close to the border with Spain and Andorra. The city is only the second city of the department after Pamiers. Of all French préfectures, Foix is the one with fewest people living in it.

History

Château des Comtes de Foix

The Romans built a fort on the rocky hill where the Château de Foix castle now overlooks the town. The town of Foix probably owes its origin to an oratory founded by Charlemagne, which afterwards became the Abbey of Saint Volusianus in 849. The current area of the department was part of the old County of Foix.

Geography

The city of Foix lies in the foothills of the Pyrénées mountains, in southern France. It is on the confluence of the Ariège and Arget rivers. Foix is at 83 km (52 mi) to the south of Toulouse.

The commune has an area of 19.3 km2 (7.5 sq mi).[2] Its average altitude is 646 m (2,119 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 380 m (1,250 ft).[3]

Foix and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Foix

The commune of Foix is surrounded by the communes Arabaux, Cos, Crampagna, Ferrières-sur-Ariège, Ganac, Montgaillard, Pradières, Saint-Jean-de-Verges, Saint-Pierre-de-Rivière and Vernajoul.

Climate

The climate of Foix, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[4]

Population

The inhabitants of Foix are known, in French, as Fuxéens (women: Fuxéennes).[5]

Foix has a population of 6,9,721 (2014),[6] and population density of 503 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Foix <timeline> Colors=

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 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:12000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:2000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:1000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2008 text:2008
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 9331
bar:1975 from:0 till: 9599
bar:1982 from:0 till: 9282
bar:1990 from:0 till: 9964
bar:1999 from:0 till: 9109
bar:2008 from:0 till: 9712
bar:2014 from:0 till: 9721

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 9331 fontsize:S text: 9,331 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 9599 fontsize:S text: 9,599 shift:(-17,5)
bar:1982 at: 9282 fontsize:S text: 9,282 shift:(-17,5)
bar:1990 at: 9964 fontsize:S text: 9,964 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1999 at: 9109 fontsize:S text: 9,109 shift:(-13,5)
bar:2008 at: 9712 fontsize:S text: 9,712 shift:(-13,5)
bar:2014 at: 9721 fontsize:S text: 9,721 shift:(-17,5)

</timeline>

Foix forms, with other 5 communes, the urban area of Foix with a population of 14,552 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 75.8 km2 (29.3 sq mi).[7] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Foix, formed by 17 communes with a population of 18,406 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 213.0 km2 (82.2 sq mi).[8]

Administration

Foix is the prefecture of the Ariège department, the capital of the arrondissement of Foix and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the canton of Foix (with 13,700 inhabitants in 2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Pays Foix-Varilhes (French: Communauté d'agglomération Pays Foix-Varilhes).

Twinned and partner towns

Foix is twinned with:

Sites of interest

  • The main historic building is the Castle of the Counts of Foix or, simply, Castle of Foix; it is on the top of a rocky hill that overlooks the city.
  • The old town, with narrow streets and houses of traditional architecture.
  • Saint-Volusien Abbey
  • The Villote (small town), in the Middle Ages, was a space outside the walls surrounding the city built in 1330.

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Ville de Foix" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.mairie-foix.fr/index.php/Conseil-municipal?idpage=12&idmetacontenu=l. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  2. "Commune de Foix (09122) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=COM-09122. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  3. "The city of Foix". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Foix-09000/. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  4. "Ville de Foix" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-foix.html. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  5. "Foix" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_foix_09122.html. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  6. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep09.pdf. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  7. "Unité urbaine de Foix (09301)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-09301. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  8. "Aire urbaine de Foix (265)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-265. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 

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