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Georgian language



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Georgian
Kartuli
ქართული
Pronunciation[kʰɑrtʰuli ɛnɑ]
RegionGeorgia (Including Abkhazia and South Ossetia)
Russia, United States, Israel, Ukraine, Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan
Native speakers3.7 million  (2014)e18
Language family
Early forms:
Old Georgian
  • Georgian
Dialects
Writing systemGeorgian script
Georgian Braille
Official status
Official language in Georgia
Regulated byCabinet of Georgia
Language codes
ISO 639-1ka
ISO 639-2geo (B)
kat (T)
ISO 639-3kat
Linguasphere42-CAB-baa – bac
Kartvelian languages.svg

Georgian (Ⴕⴀⴐⴒⴓⴊⴈ Ⴄⴌⴀ, khartuli ena) is the official language of Georgia, a country in the Caucasus.

Georgian is the primary language of about 3.9 million people in Georgia itself (83 percent of the population), and of another 500,000 abroad (chiefly in Turkey, Iran, Russia, USA and Europe). It is the literary language for all ethnographic groups of Georgian people, especially those who speak other South Caucasian languages (or Kartvelian languages): Svans, Megrelians, and the Laz. Gruzinic, or "Kivruli", sometimes considered a separate Jewish language, is spoken by an additional 20,000 in Georgia and 65,000 elsewhere (primarily 60,000 in Israel).

References