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and largest city
|Official languages||Arabic, French, English, Armenian|
|Legislature||Chamber of Deputies|
|1 September 1925|
|23 May 1926|
• Independence declared
|8 November 1943|
• Independence recognized by France
|22 November 1943|
• Withdrawal of French forces
|31 December 1946|
|10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) (166th)|
• Water (%)
• 2008 estimate
|404/km2 (1,046.4/sq mi) (25th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|$61.444 billion (83rd)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|$39.039 billion (80th)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2013)|| 0.745|
high · 72nd
|Currency||Lebanese pound (LBP)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||LB|
Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, on the Mediterranean Sea. It has a border with Israel to the south, and Syria to the east and north. Lebanon has been independent since 1943. Its capital city is Beirut.
Over 4 million people live in Lebanon. The people mostly speak Arabic. About 54% of Lebanese people are Muslim and 40.5% are Christian. There are 16 million Lebanese people living in other countries. Lebanon is a very westernized country.
The national symbol in Lebanon is the Cedar tree, because many of them grow in the Lebanon Mountains.
Governorates and districts
Lebanon is divided into six governorates. These are divided into twenty-five districts. The districts are also divided into several municipalities. The governorates and their districts are listed below:
- Beirut Governorate
- The Beirut Governorate is not divided into districts and is limited to the city of Beirut
- Nabatieh Governorate (Jabal Amel)
- Beqaa Governorate
- North Governorate (al-Shamal)
- Mount Lebanon Governorate (Jabal Lubnan)
- South Governorate (al-Janoub)
- "The Lebanese Constitution" (PDF). Presidency of Lebanon. http://presidency.gov.lb/English/LebaneseSystem/Documents/Lebanese%20Constitution.pdf. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- (PDF) World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2009. p. 17. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
- "Lebanon". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=38&pr.y=0&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=446&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme". United Nations. 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Tables.pdf. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Driving in Lebanon". Adcidl.com. http://www.adcidl.com/Driving-in-Lebanon.html. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
- "The World Factbook". United States government. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html#People. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- USAID Lebanon. "USAID Lebanon—Definitions of Terms used". Retrieved 17 December 2006.