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Lebanese Republic

  • الجمهورية اللبنانية
  • Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Libnānīyah
  • République libanaise
Flag of Lebanon
Anthem: 
Location of Lebanon
Capital
and largest city
Beirut
33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.900°N 35.533°E / 33.900; 35.533
Official languagesArabic, French, English, Armenian
Demonym(s)Lebanese
GovernmentUnitary confessionalist
parliamentary republic[1]
• President
Michel Aoun
Mustapha Adib
Nabih Berri
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
Establishment
1 September 1925
• Constitution
23 May 1926
• Independence declared
8 November 1943
• Independence recognized by France
22 November 1943
• Withdrawal of French forces
31 December 1946
Area
• Total
10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) (166th)
• Water (%)
1.8
Population
• 2008 estimate
4,224,000[2] (126th)
• Density
404/km2 (1,046.4/sq mi) (25th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$61.444 billion[3] (83rd)
• Per capita
$15,522[3] (57th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$39.039 billion[3] (80th)
• Per capita
$9,862[3] (63rd)
HDI (2013)Increase 0.745[4]
high · 72nd
CurrencyLebanese pound (LBP)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright[5]
Calling code+961
ISO 3166 codeLB
Internet TLD.lb
  1. Article 11 of the Constitution of Lebanon states that "Arabic is the official language. A law determines the cases in which the French language is to be used."

Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, on the Mediterranean Sea. It has a border with Israel to the south, and Syria to the east and north. Lebanon has been independent since 1943. Its capital city is Beirut.

Lebanon has two chains of mountains. It is often called the ruby of the Middle East. It has a coastline stretching all the way up. The area of Lebanon is 10,452 square kilometres.

Over 4 million people live in Lebanon. The people mostly speak Arabic. About 54% of Lebanese people are Muslim and 40.5% are Christian.[6] There are 16 million Lebanese people living in other countries. Lebanon is a very westernized country.

The national symbol in Lebanon is the Cedar tree, because many of them grow in the Lebanon Mountains.

Governorates and districts

Lebanon is divided into six governorates. These are divided into twenty-five districts.[7] The districts are also divided into several municipalities. The governorates and their districts are listed below:

The historic site of Baalbek in Lebanon

Related pages

References