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Steve Jobs
Shoulder-high portrait of smiling man in his fifties wearing a black turtle neck shirt with a day-old beard holding a phone facing the viewer in his left hand
Steve Jobs holding a white iPhone 4 at Worldwide Developers Conference 2010
Born Steven Paul Jobs
February 24, 1955
San Francisco, California, United States
Died October 5, 2011(2011-10-05) (aged 56)
Palo Alto, California, United States[1]
Cause of death Respiratory arrest caused by Pancreatic cancer
Ethnicity Swiss, Syrian
Alma mater Reed College (one semester in 1972)
Occupation Co-founder and former CEO of Apple Inc.[2]
Former CEO of Pixar
Years active 1974–2011
Net worth Increase$8.3 billion (2011)[3]
Political party Democratic Party[4]
Religion Buddhism[5]
Spouse Laurene Powell Jobs
(m. 1991–2011, his death)
Children 4
Relatives Mona Simpson (sister)
Steve Jobs

Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011)[6][7] was a co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. He was the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Pixar Animation Studios until it was bought by The Walt Disney Company.[2] He was the largest shareholder at Disney[8] and a member of Disney's Board of Directors. He was seen as a leading figure in both the computer and entertainment industries.[9] In August 2011, Jobs resigned, and was appointed Chairman of Apple. He served in that position until he died. Jobs died at the age of 56 on October 5, 2011. He had pancreatic cancer and died because the tumour had metastasised.


Steve Jobs' mother was Swiss-American; his father was Syrian. Jobs was adopted at birth. He was a Silicon Valley businessman most famous for his work with the company Apple Computer Inc. which later changed to Apple Inc.[10]

Together with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Jobs helped make the idea of the personal computer popular in the late 1970s. In the early 1980s, still at Apple, Jobs was one of the first to see the commercial potential of using a mouse to use with the GUI.[11] During this period, Apple had hired a number of other people to be president of the company.

He was a supporter of the Democratic Party of the United States.[4]

In 1985 Apple's Board of Directors fired Jobs from his position with the company. He then started NeXT, a computer platform development company which dealt with higher education and business markets. Apple's 1997 buyout of NeXT brought Jobs back to the company he co-founded where he worked as the CEO of Apple. He was paid $1m per year plus stock options. While Jobs was away from Apple, he bought a computer animation studio from film director George Lucas called Pixar.[1] Jobs later sold Pixar to Disney and gained a seat on the Disney board of directors.

Jobs presented the iPhone on January 9, 2007. On August 24, 2011, Jobs retired as CEO of Apple.[12][13][14][15][16] He suggested Tim Cook as his successor. Following Jobs' request, Jobs continued as the chairman of the Apple Inc.'s Board of Directors.[17][18][19][20][21][22]

Jobs had health problems for the last few years and had a liver transplant. When he died of respiratory arrest caused by pancreatic cancer in 2011, he was worth $8.3 billion.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Markoff, John (October 5, 2011). "Steve Jobs, Apple's Visionary, Dies at 56". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Apple – Press Info – Bios – Steve Jobs". Apple Inc. May 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  3. "Forbes 400 Richest Americans". Forbes. March, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Steve Jobs". Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  5. Elkind, Peter (March 15, 2008). "The trouble with Steve Jobs". Fortune. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  6. "Steve Jobs Dies: Apple Chief Created Personal Computer, iPad, iPod". Retrieved 2011-09-05.
  8. "Steve Jobs' Magic Kingdom". BusinessWeek. 2006-01-06. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  9. Burrows, Peter (2004-11-04). "Steve Jobs: He Thinks Different". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  10. Cringely, Robert X. (2004-04-01). "Steve Jobs – Apple Computer, Pixar". Inc. Magazine. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  11. Kahney, Leander (2004-01-06). "Wired News: We're All Mac Users Now". Wired News.,2125,61730,00.html. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  12. Streitfeld, David (August 24, 2011). "Jobs Steps Down at Apple, Saying He Can’t Meet Duties". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  13. "Steve Jobs : Apple CEO Steps Down, Bad For Apple And The SF Bay Area : Zennie Abraham : City Brights". San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco: Hearst). ISSN 1932-8672 . Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  14. "Steve Jobs resigns from Apple as Microsoft shows... |". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  15. "Führungswechsel: Wie gut macht der neue Apple-Chef Cook den Jobs? - Nachrichten Wirtschaft - Webwelt & Technik - WELT ONLINE". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  16. "Aktienmärkte: positiveres Sentiment hält an - Apple: Steve Jobs tritt ab - Helaba Floor Research -". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
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  22. Rosenwald, Michael. "Steve Jobs resigns as Apple CEO, Tim Cook named successor". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-08-26.

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