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List of regions of Canada

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There are two kinds of regions in Canada: those formed at the national level and sometimes used for the Canadian Senate, and those used within the provinces and territories.

National regions

Although these regions have no official status or defined boundaries the Provinces and territories are sometimes informally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east):

All provinces and territories Senate divisions Seven-region model[1] Six-region model Five-region model Four-region model Three-region model
British Columbia Western Canada (24 seats) British Columbia Pacific Canada Western Canada Western Canada Western Canada
Alberta Alberta Prairies
Saskatchewan Saskatchewan and Manitoba
Ontario Ontario (24 seats) Ontario Ontario Ontario Central Canada Eastern Canada
Quebec Quebec (24 seats) Quebec Quebec Quebec
New Brunswick The Maritimes (24 seats) Atlantic Canada Atlantic Canada Atlantic Canada Atlantic Canada
Prince Edward Island
Nova Scotia
Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador (6 seats)
Yukon The North (Territories) (3 seats) Northern Canada Northern Canada Northern Canada Northern Canada Northern Canada
Northwest Territories

Other regions are:

  • French Canada
  • English Canada
  • Arctic Canada (mostly Inuit -neither English nor French)
  • Quebec City–Windsor Corridor

Seats in the Senate are equally divided among four regions: Maritimes, Quebec, Ontario, and the West, with special status for Newfoundland and Labrador, and Northern Canada ("the North").

Provincial regions

The provinces and territories are all sub-divided into regions for a variety of official and unofficial purposes. In some provinces, the regions are used for political purposes. In others, they are just geographic areas.


Primary and secondary regions

  • Northern Alberta boreal forest
    • Peace River Country
  • Alberta's Rockies
  • Palliser's Triangle (Alberta portion)

British Columbia

Primary, secondary, and local regions


Primary and secondary regions

New Brunswick

Local regions

Newfoundland and Labrador

Primary, secondary, and local regions

Northwest Territories

Administrative regions of the Government of the Northwest Territories[2]

Nova Scotia

Primary and local regions


Administrative regions


Primary, secondary, and local regions

Prince Edward Island

Local regions


Primary and secondary regions

  • Northern Quebec
    • Arctic mountains (Quebec portion)
    • Northern Arctic Shield (Quebec portion)
    • Southern Arctic Shield (Quebec portion)
    • Quebec Taiga Shield
    • Hudson Bay Lowlands (Quebec portion)
  • Quebec Boreal Shield
    • Southeastern Boreal Shield (Quebec portion)
  • Southern Quebec
    • St. Lawrence Lowlands, North Shore (Quebec portion)
    • St. Lawrence Lowlands, South Shore
    • Hochelaga Islands
    • Anticosti Island
    • Appalachian Mountains (Quebec portion)

Local and administrative regions


Primary and local regions


Local regions