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President of the Republic of China
The President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is the head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the democratic island country known officially as the Republic of China (Taiwan). The Republic of China (Taiwan) government has controlled Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other islands after the rest of mainland China since 1949.
The presidential office was created in 1948 under the 1947 Constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
Outside of Taiwan, the President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is usually informally referred to as the "President of Taiwan" (Chinese: 臺灣總統). In the previous Kuomintang-controlled administration, the title of "President of the Republic of China" was used. The current Democratic Progressive Party administration refers to the President as the "President of the Republic of China (Taiwan)" (Chinese: 中華民國(臺灣)總統).
List of Presidents
Presidents of the Republic of China, 1912-1928
Presidents of the Republic of China (Taiwan), 1948-present
|Chiang Kai-shek||May 20, 1948||January 21, 1949||Kuomintang||Elected 1-5|
|Li Tsung-jen||January 21, 1949||March 1, 1950||Kuomintang||Acting|
|Chiang Kai-shek||March 1, 1950||April 5, 1975||Kuomintang||see above|
|Yen Chia-kan||April 5, 1975||May 20, 1978||Kuomintang||Finished 5|
|Chiang Ching-kuo||May 20, 1978||January 13, 1988||Kuomintang||Elected 6-7|
|Lee Teng-hui||January 13, 1988||May 20, 2000||Kuomintang||Finished 7; Elected 8-9|
|Chen Shui-bian||May 20, 2000||May 20, 2008||Dem. Progressive Party||Elected 10-11|
|Ma Ying-jeou||May 20, 2008||incumbent||Kuomintang||Elected 12|