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Rhine River




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A map of the River Rhine

The Rhine River (German: Rhein, French: Rhin, Dutch: Rijn) is 1,230 kilometres (760 mi) long. The Rhine is the second longest river in Europe. Its name comes from the Celtic word "renos", which means 'raging flow'.

The Rhine is an important waterway. 883 kilometres (549 mi) can be used by ships, and boats can go to the Black Sea using the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal. Many goods are transported over the Rhine, and the Rhine valley is also an important wine producing region. The river Rhine begins at Tomasee, a lake in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland,[1] and runs through Switzerland, Germany and the Netherlands. It is the border between Switzerland and Liechtenstein and also the border between Germany and France. It is also the border between Switzerland and Austria. It is also the border between the Netherlands and Germany. It is the border between France and Switzerland. It runs through Basel, Bonn, Cologne and Duisburg. It also separates the cities of Mainz and Wiesbaden.

Geography

The river runs through only one lake on its way, Lake Constance, which is on the border of Switzerland, Germany and Austria.

Along the banks of the Rhine are several castles which notorious robber barons lived in during the 15th–18th centuries. Before the Industrial Revolution hit Europe, and factories set up along its banks and emptied all their waste into the River. The Salmon left and every living thing died. Then after World War II, the Rhine Action Programme was set up to boost the Rhine's wildlife and reduce the pollution there.

Together with the Danube it formed most of the northern frontier of the Roman Empire.

List of features

Cities near the Rhine

These are large cities that are found near the Rhine:

Switzerland:

France:

Germany:

Netherlands:

Smaller cities that are found near the Rhine:

Switzerland

Liechtenstein:

Germany:

Netherlands:

References