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Riga



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Rīga
Flag of Riga
Flag
Coat of arms of Riga
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639
Country Latvia
Government
 • TypeCity council
 • MayorMārtiņš Staķis
Area
 (2002)[2]
 • City324 km2 (125 sq mi)
 • Land275.5 km2 (106.4 sq mi)
 • Water48.50 km2 (18.73 sq mi)  15.8%
 • Metro
10,133 km2 (3,912 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[3]
 • City641,423
 • Density1,979.7/km2 (5,127/sq mi)
 • Metro1,070,201
 • Metro density101.4/km2 (263/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Rīdzinieki
Ethnicity
 (2016)[5]
 • Latvians46.2%
 • Russians37.7%
 • Belarusians3.9%
 • Ukrainians3.5%
 • Poles1.8%
 • Lithuanians0.8%
 • Romanies0.1%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
GDP(nominal)2012
 - Total€12($15) billion[6]
 - Per capita€18,000($21,000)
Websitewww.riga.lv
Historic Centre of Riga
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Edificios en la Plaza del Mercado, Riga, Letonia, 2012-08-07, DD 02.JPG
The old town of Riga
CriteriaCultural: i, ii
Reference852
Inscription1997 (21st Session)
Area438.3 ha
Buffer zone1,574.2 ha

Riga is the capital city of the European country of Latvia. Riga is on river Daugava near the Baltic Sea.

The mayor of Riga is Mārtiņš Staķis.

History

Riga was founded in 1201. It was a castle of the Teutonic Order.

In 1710 during the Great Northern War the city was incorporated to Russia. Then it became a center of Courland province.

Since 1918 Riga has been the capital city of Latvia.

People

The Riga inhabitants are named “Rīdzinieki” on Latvian and “рижане”(rizhani) on Russian.

Most of the people by ethnic origin are Latvian (45%) and 40% are Russian. Historically the city had large German population. Among other ethnic groups there are Byelorussians, Poles and Jews.

Sports

Economy

During the Soviet period the Riga wagon building factory made very big number of local trains.

Transportation

The are 8 tram and 18 trolley routes.

Notable people

References

Other websites