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Volgograd (English)
Волгоград (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Volgograd Montage 2016.png
Counterclockwise: The Motherland Calls, the railway station, Planetarium, The Metrotram, Panorama of the City, Gerhardt Mill, Mamayev Kurgan
Missing map.svg
Coat of arms of Volgograd city.svg
Flag of Volgograd.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Anthemnone[2]
City DaySecond Sunday of September[1]
Administrative status
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVolgograd Oblast
Administratively subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Volgograd
Municipal status
Urban okrugVolgograd Urban Okrug
Head[3]Alexander Chunakov[source?]
Representative bodyCity Duma[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
1,021,215 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 201012th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)
Founded1589[5]
City status sincethe end of the
18th century[1]
Postal code(s)400000–400002, 400005–400012, 400015–400017, 400019–400023, 400026, 400029, 400031–400034, 400036, 400038–400040, 400042, 400046, 400048–400055, 400057–400059, 400062–400067, 400069, 400071–400076, 400078–400082, 400084, 400086–400089, 400093, 400094, 400096–400098, 400105, 400107, 400108, 400110–400112, 400117, 400119–400125, 400127, 400131, 400136–400138, 400700, 400880, 400890, 400899, 400921–400942, 400960–400965, 400967, 400970–400979, 400990–400993
Dialing code(s)+7 8442
Official website

Volgograd formerly called Tsaritsyn (1589–1925) and Stalingrad (1925–1961) is an industrial city of great importance and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of over 1.011 millon people. The city was made famous for its heroic resistance and bloody siege during the Battle of Stalingrad taking place during World War II.

History

Coat of Arms of Tsaritsyn(1857)

Volgograd developed from 1589 when the fortress of Tsaritsyn was founded at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and Volga Rivers. During the Russian Civil War the city was the scene of heavy fighting. Bolshevik forces occupied it during 1918, but were attacked by White forces. It was renamed as Stalingrad in 1925.

Under Stalin, the city became heavily industrialized as a centre of heavy industry and trans-shipment by rail and river. During World War II, Stalingrad became the center of the Battle of Stalingrad as well as a turning point in the war against Germany. Essentially, the German offensive was checked at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Axis and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The city was reduced to rubble during the fierce fighting, but reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city.

Nikita Khrushchev renamed the city in 1961.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

As of 2008, Volgograd has 21 sister cities:[6]

A number of communities in France and Italy have streets or avenues named after Stalingrad, hence Place de Stalingrad in Paris and the Paris Métro station of Stalingrad.

Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charter of Volgograd, Preamble
  2. Official website of Volgograd. Конкурс на создание гимна Волгограда будет проведен повторно (in Russian)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Charter of Volgograd, Article 22
  4. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 81–83. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9 . 
  6. Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  7. "広島市の姉妹・友好都市". City.hiroshima.jp. http://www.city.hiroshima.jp/shimin/kokusai/shimai/top-e.html. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  8. "Ruse Municipality - Fraternize Cities". © 2008-2009. http://www.ruse-bg.eu/index.php?area=2&p=gallery&action=showimages&galid=18. Retrieved 2009-07-06. 
  9. Executive power of Baku city

Other websites