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| Adolf Hitler and Ernst Röhm inspecting the SA|
in Nuremberg in 1933
|Dissolved||May 8, 1945|
|Superseding agency||Schutzstaffel (c. 1934 onwards)|
|Headquarters||SA High Command, Barerstraße, Munich|
|Minister responsible||see Leaders below|
|Parent agency||Nazi Party (NSDAP)|
|Child agency||Schutzstaffel (until c. July 1934)|
The Sturmabteilung ( listen (info • help); often shortened to SA) was a paramilitary group for the German Nazi Party. Their leader was Ernst Röhm. The group was important in helping Adolf Hitler gain power in the 1930s.
In English, they are often called the Stormtroopers or the Brownshirts, while Sturmabteilung literally translates to " detachment" or "assault section". They wore a brown uniform, similar to the black uniform worn by Mussolini's Blackshirts.
The word Sturmabteilung was used before the founding of the Nazi Party in 1919. It originally comes from the specialized assault troops used by Germany in World War I using Hutier infiltration tactics.