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Trinidad and Tobago

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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Capital Port of Spain
Official languages English
Ethnic groups
37.5% Africans
40% Indian (South Asian)
20.5% mixed (Venezuelans, Spaniards, French Creoles, Portuguese, Chinese, Britons, Lebanese, Syrians, Caribs)
Demonym(s) Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Government Parliamentary republic
• President
George Maxwell Richards
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Legislature Parliament
House of Representatives
• from the United Kingdom
31 August 1962
• Republic
1 August 1976
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (171st)
• Water (%)
• July 2011 estimate
1,227,505 (152nd)
• Density
254.4/km2 (658.9/sq mi) (48th)

The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a nation in the south Caribbean Sea. It is 11 km (7 miles) away from Venezuela. The country has two bigger islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and many smaller islands. The capital is Port-of-Spain. The country has about 1,262,366 people in it.

Trinidad and Tobago received independence from the United Kingdom on August 31, 1962. Before that, it was ruled by the U.K. Right now, the head of state (person who is in charge of the country) is President George Maxwell Richards. The head of government (person who is in charge of the government) is Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar.

Trinidad and Tobago is very diverse. It has people of many different races and religions. There are people who are children of Africans, Europeans, Arabs, Indians, and Chinese who moved to the islands a long time ago. The biggest religions in the country are Christianity and Hinduism. There are also Islam and African religions in the country.

The country has some natural gas beneath the ground and underwater in the ocean. Natural gas is a liquid that makes machines work and heats houses. Also, many people called tourists visit the islands. They take pictures and learn about the islands.

The people in the country are famous for their music. They also play football and cricket.


The population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1.17 million as of (2002). The ethnic groups of the population are:

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