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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 16th century17th century18th century
Decades: 1650s  1660s  1670s  – 1680s –  1690s  1700s  1710s
Years: 1680 1681 168216831684 1685 1686

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Year 1683 was a common year that started on Friday when using the Gregorian calendar.


  • June 6 – The Ashmolean Museum opens as the world's first university museum.
  • June 12 – The Rye House Plot to assassinate Charles II of England is discovered.
  • July 8 – The Qing Dynasty Chinese admiral Shi Lang led 300 ships with 20,000 troops out of Tongshan, Fujian and sailed towards the Kingdom of Tungning, in modern-day Taiwan and the Pescadores in order to quell the kingdom in the name of Qing.
  • July 14 – A 140,000-man Ottoman force arrives at Vienna in June and starts to besiege the city. The siege is broken at the Battle of Vienna on September 12 with the arrival of a force of 70,000 Polish, Austrians and Germans under Polish-Lithuanian king Jan III Sobieski, whose cavalry turns their flank. Considered to be the turning point in the Ottoman Empire's fortunes.
  • July 16 and July 17 – Battle of Penghu, the Qing Chinese admiral Shi Lang defeats the naval forces of Zheng Keshuang in a decisive victory.[1]
  • September 5 – the Qing Chinese admiral Shi Lang receives the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang, ushering in the collapse of the Kingdom of Tungning, which was then incorporated into the Qing Empire. Shi Lang reached Taiwan on October 3 and occupied present day Kaohsiung.
  • October 6 – Germantown, Pennsylvania is founded, leading in 1983 to U.S. President Ronald Reagan declaring a 300th Year Celebration, and in 1987, it became an annual holiday, German-American Day.
  • November 1 – The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • December – The River Thames freezes, allowing a frost fair to be held.



See also: :Category:1683 births



  1. China Goes to Sea: Maritime Transformation in Comparative Historical Perspective, eds. Andrew Erickson; Lyle Goldstein (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press: China Maritime Studies Institute, 2009), p. 272
See also: :Category:1683 deaths