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Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
and largest city
|Louis Alphonse Koyagialo|
• from Belgium
|30 June 1960|
|2,345,409 km2 (905,567 sq mi) (11th)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
|29.3/km2 (75.9/sq mi) (182nd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.286|
low · 187th (lowest)
|Currency||Congolese franc (CDF)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 to +2 (WAT, CAT)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+1 to +2 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||CD|
a Estimate is based on regression; other PPP figures are extrapolated from the latest International Comparison Programme benchmark estimates.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: République démocratique du Congo), commonly referred to as DR Congo, Congo-Kinshasa or the DRC, is a country in central Africa. It is the second largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world. With a population of over 71 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the nineteenth most populous nation in the world, the fourth most populous nation in Africa, as well as the most populous Francophone (French-speaking) country.
DRC borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi in the east; Zambia and Angola to the south; the Republic of the Congo, the Angolan exclave of Cabinda, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It is separated from Tanzania by Lake Tanganyika in the east. The country has access to the ocean through a 40-kilometre (25 mi) stretch of Atlantic coastline at Muanda and the roughly 9 km wide mouth of the Congo River which opens into the Gulf of Guinea. It has the second-highest total Christian population in Africa.
The Second Congo War, beginning in 1998, devastated the country. It involved nine African nations and some twenty armed groups. Despite the signing of peace accords in 2003, fighting continues in the east of the country. The war is the world's deadliest conflict since World War II, killing 5.4 million people since 1998. The vast majority died from conditions of malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo was formerly, in chronological order, the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo-Léopoldville, Congo-Kinshasa, and Zaire (Zaïre in French). Though it is in the Central African United Nations subregion, the nation is also economically and regionally affiliated with Southern Africa as a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).
The capital is Kinshasa.
World Heritage Sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo are: Virunga National Park (1979), Garamba National Park (1980), Kahuzi-Biega National Park (1980), Salonga National Park (1984) and Okapi Wildlife Reserve (1996).
The country is divided into ten provinces and one city-province. The provinces are then divided into districts. The districts are divided into territories.
- Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Congo, Democratic Republic of the". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "Democratic Republic of the Congo". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=76&pr.y=6&sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=636&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- See "Rumblings of war in heart of Africa" by Abraham McLaughlin and Duncan Woodside The Christian Science Monitor 23 June 2004 and "World War Three" by Chris Bowers My Direct Democracy 24 July 2006
- McCrummen, Stephanie (9 September 2007). "Prevalence of in E. Congo Described as Worst in World". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/08/AR2007090801194.html. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Robinson, Simon (28 May 2006). "The deadliest war in the world". Time.com. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1198921,00.html. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Bavier, Joe (22 January 2008). "Congo War driven crisis kills 45,000 a month". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSL2280201220080122. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Report on the crisis Full report at IRC mortality facts from the International Rescue Committee