kidzsearch.com > wiki   Explore:web images videos games  

Einstein field equations




KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search

The Einstein field equations, or Einstein-Hilbert equations, or simply Einstein equations are equations that describe gravity in the classical sense. They are named after Albert Einstein and David Hilbert. The basic idea is to use geometry to model the effects of gravity. The usual form of the equations is that of nonlinear partial differential equations. Such equations are usually solved by approximation. An exact solution can be obtained in special cases, where certain assumptions are dropped, or simplified.

Mathematical Interpretation

Einstein used mathematical objects called tensors to describe the curvature of spacetime to define gravity. The equation below is the general from of the EFE:

[math]R_{\mu\nu}-{1 \over 2}g_{\mu\nu},R+g_{\mu\nu}\Lambda={8\pi G \over c^4}T_{\mu\nu}[/math]

Where Rμv is known as the Ricci curvature tensor, gμv is the metric tensor, R is the scalar curvature, Λ is the cosmological constant, G is the gravitational constant, π is pi, c is the speed of light, and Tμv is called the stress-energy tensor.




Help Improve This Page: Please contact us to become an approved KidzSearch editor and provide your credentials. Provide feedback on this article in our Einstein field equations Forum