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Greco-Bactrian Kingdom

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A map of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom in about 180BC

The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom was the eastern-most tip of the Ancient Greek world. It lasted between 250-125BC. It covered Afghanistan but also bits of Turkmenistan, Iran, Pakistan etc. It covered ground originally conquored by Alexander the Great.


Much of our information comes from the Roman Strabo. Much archaeology has been done in Afghanistan. In particular, the cities of Aï Khanoum and Begram.


The National Museum of Afghanistan has put on a touring exhibition which has been to the British Museum but also to France, Germany and the Netherlands. Much other archeology is on display in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia.