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Kuomintang



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Chinese: 中國國民黨; pinyin: Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng
Preceded by
Headquarters232–234 Sec 2 Bade Rd, Zhongshan District, Taipei, ROC
10492[1]
Newspaper
Youth wingKuomintang Youth League
Education WingInstitute of Revolutionary Practice
Armed wingNational Revolutionary Army (1925–1947)
Taiwan Garrison Command (1958–1992)
Membership (2020)345,971[2]
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right[9][10][11]
to right-wing[12][13]
National affiliationPan-Blue Coalition
International affiliation
Colours      Blue
Legislative Yuan
38 / 113
Municipal mayors
3 / 6
Magistrates/mayors
12 / 16
Councillors
394 / 912
Township/city mayors
83 / 204
Party flag
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg
Website
www.kmt.org.tw
Kuomintang
KMT (Chinese characters).svg
"Kuomintang (Guómíndǎng)" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 中國國民黨
Simplified Chinese 中国国民党
Literal meaning "Nationals’ Party of China"
Abbreviated to
Traditional Chinese 國民黨
Simplified Chinese 国民党
Tibetan name
Tibetan ཀྲུང་གོའི་གོ་མིན་ཏང
Zhuang name
Zhuang Cunghgoz Gozminzdangj
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic Дундадын (Хятадын) Гоминдан (Хувьсгалт Нам)
Mongolian script ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ
(ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ)
ᠭᠣᠮᠢᠨᠳᠠᠩ
(ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠰᠬᠠᠯᠲᠤ ᠨᠠᠮ)
Uyghur name
Uyghur
جۇڭگو گومىنداڭ
Manchu name
Manchu ᠵᡠᠩᡬᠣ ᡳ
ᡬᠣᠮᡳᠨᡩᠠᠩ
KMT main office in Taipei, Taiwan

Kuomintang (KMT; Chinese: 中國國民黨; English: Chinese Nationalist Party) is the main political party in Republic of China (Taiwan). It was ruling in Mainland China until 1949 when Communists captured the mainland and the KMT moved to Taiwan. It was founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen. Chiang Kai-shek later led for decades.

References

  1. "Kuomintang Official Website". Kuomintang. http://www.kmt.org.tw/english/index.aspx. Retrieved 13 September 2011. 
  2. "江啟臣壓倒性勝出 成最年輕國民黨主席 - 中央社CNA". https://www.cna.com.tw/news/firstnews/202003075010.aspx. Retrieved 2020-03-07. 
  3. "Archived copy". Kmt.org.tw. http://www.kmt.org.tw/p/blog-page_3.html. Retrieved 19 June 2016. 
  4. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica "Three Principles of the People". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 10 October 2016. 
  5. Mary C. Wright (1955). From Revolution to Restoration: The Transformation of Kuomintang Ideology. Association for Asian Studies. pp. 515–532. 
  6. "Taiwan's 'born independent' millennials are becoming Xi Jinping's lost generation". The Washington Post. 26 December 2019. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/taiwans-born-independent-millennials-are-becoming-xi-jinpings-lost-generation/2019/12/24/ce1da5c8-20d5-11ea-9c2b-060477c13959_story.html. 
  7. Jonathan Fenby (2005). Chiang Kai Shek: China's Generalissimo and the Nation He Lost. Carroll & Graf Publishers. p. 504. ISBN 978-0-7867-1484-1 . https://books.google.com/books?id=YkREps9oGR4C&pg=PA337. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  8. Hans Kohn, Nationalism: Its Meaning and History (1955) p. 87.
  9. "New face for KMT in Taiwan". The Australian. https://www.theaustralian.com.au/nation/world/eric-chu-to-lead-kuomintang-in-presidential-election/news-story/d47cb4b78a3806e9700509f2b79f2d74. "The problems for the centre-right KMT in retaining the presidency over the centre-left DPP…". 
  10. Qi, Dongtao (11 November 2013). "Globalization, Social Justice Issues, Political and Economic Nationalism in Taiwan: An Explanation of the Limited Resurgence of the DPP during 2008–2012". The China Quarterly 216: 1018–1044. doi:10.1017/S0305741013001124 . "Furthermore, the studies also suggest that the DPP, as a centre-left party opposed to the centre-right KMT, has been the leading force in addressing Taiwan's various social justice issues.". 
  11. Shim, Jaemin (2018). "Mind the Gap! Comparing Gender Politics in Japan and Taiwan". GIGA Focus|Asia (German Institute of Global and Area Studies) (5). https://www.giga-hamburg.de/en/publication/mind-the-gap-comparing-gender-politics-in-japan-and-taiwan. Retrieved 26 December 2019. 
  12. Rigger, Shelley (2016). "Kuomintang Agonistes: Party Politics in the Wake of Taiwan's 2016 Elections". Orbis 60 (4): 408--503. doi:10.1016/j.orbis.2016.08.005 . https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0030438716300369. Retrieved May 27, 2020. "Instead of reshaping its priorities to fit the expectations of a changing society, the KMT (at least for the moment) seems to be doubling down on its self-marginalizing approach. The new party chair is Hung Hsiu-chu, the erstwhile presidential candidate whose far-right views made it necessary to replace her.". 
  13. "Taiwan Lawmakers Push `Marriage Equality` Bill". Inter Press Service. 30 October 2013. http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/10/taiwan-lawmakers-push-marriage-equality-bill/. Retrieved 12 April 2020. "The current push follows two previous efforts by DPP lawmakers in 2003 and 2006 to introduce same-sex marriage bills that were blocked from the legislative agenda by the right-wing Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang or KMT) majority."