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Radovan Karadžić




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Radovan Karadžić
Радован Караџић
1st President of Republika Srpska
In office
7 April 1992 – 19 July 1996
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Biljana Plavšić
Personal details
Born 19 June 1945 (1945-06-19) (age 74)
Petnjica, SR Montenegro, SFR Yugoslavia
Nationality Serb
Political party SPD
Spouse(s) Ljiljana Zelen Karadžić
Religion Serbian Orthodox

Radovan Karadžić (Serbian Cyrillic: Радован Караџић; born 19 June 1945 in Petnjica, Montenegro, Yugoslavia) is a former Serb politician. He also worked as a poet. He is a psychiatrist. For a long time, he was a fugitive (running from the law), from 1995 until July 21, 2008. The International Criminal Court in The Hague looked for him. They say he might have committed war crimes.

Arrest

Official sources in Belgrade reported that he had been arrested in Serbia and brought before Belgrade's War Crimes Court.[1] There had been an international arrest warrant against Karadžić for more than a decade. The tribunal looking into war crimes in the Yugoslav war said there were reasons to believe Karadžić had committed war crimes. This includes genocide, mainly directed against Muslims.[2] The United States government had offered a $5 million award for information that led to his arrest, and that of Ratko Mladić.[3] Karadžić was arrested and arraigned at a Serbian court on July 21, 2008.[4]

The film The Hunting Party was based on Karadzic's life as a fugitive.

War Crime Charges

Karadzic is accused of ordering the Bosnian-Serb troops that he was in charge of to kill between 7500-8000 Bosnian Muslims in what became known as the Srebenica Massacre.[5] He is also accused of five counts of crimes against humanity, including ordering that people be treated differently for belonging to a different race, religion or political group (known as 'persecution') and forcing people to move out of the country because they were from a different race, religion or political group.[6] Most seriously, he is accused of 'genocide', which is the attempt to wipe out a group of people because they are different from you.

References

  1. "Serbia captures fugitive Karadzic". BBC News (BBC). 2008-07-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7518543.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  2. "Serbia captures fugitive Karadzic". JANG News (JANG). 2008-07-21. Archived from the original on October 06, 2008. http://wayback.archive.org/web/20081006112911/http://www.jang.com.pk/jang/jul2008-daily/22-07-2008/update.htm%2302. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  3. Rewards for Justice[dead link]
  4. "War criminal Radovan Karadzic captured". Radio Australia. http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/news/stories/200807/s2310301.htm?tab=latest. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
  5. ^ a b c UN Press Release SG/SM/9993UN, 11/07/2005 "Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s message to the ceremony marking the tenth anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre in Potocari-Srebrenica". Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  6. ^ "Karadzic will fight extradition". BBC. 23 July 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2010.