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Suleiman the Magnificent




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Suleiman the Magnificent
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
EmperorSuleiman.jpg
Suleiman I attributed to Titian c.1530
Reign1520–1566 (46 years)
Coronation1520
Full nameSultan Suleiman Khan
TitlesSultan of Sultans,
The Shadow of God on Earth (Caliph),
Caesar of all the lands of Rome
BornNovember 6, 1494(1494-11-06)
BirthplaceTrabzon
DiedSeptember 7, 1566(1566-09-07) (aged 71)
Place of deathSzigetvar, Hungary
BuriedSüleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul
PredecessorSelim I
SuccessorSelim II
ConsortRoxelana
Mahidevran
Gülfem
ChildrenMahmud
Mustafa
Murad
Mehmed
Mihrimah
Abdullah
Selim II
Bayezid
Raziye
Cihangir
Royal HouseHouse of Osman
FatherSelim I
MotherHafsa Sultan

Suleiman I or Suleyman I[1] (6 November 1494 – 5/6 September 1566), was the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He became sultan when he was 26 years old. He reigned for 46 years, from 1520 to 1566, which was longer than any other Ottoman sultan. He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent[2] and in the Islamic world, as the Lawgiver (in Turkish Kanuni; Arabic: القانونى, al‐Qānūnī), because he reconstructed the Ottoman legal system. He also led many wars in Europe, including wars in Hungary, the Mediterranean, and parts of North Africa.

Notes

  1. سليمان Sulaymān, Süleyman; almost always Kanuni Sultan Süleyman in Turkish
  2. Merriman.

Sources

Further reading

  • Bridge, Anthony (1983). Suleiman the Magnificent, Scourge of Heaven. New York: F. Watts. OCLC 9853956
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  • Downey, Fairfax Davis. The Grand Turke, Suleyman the Magnificent, sultan of the Ottomans. New York: Minton, Balch & Company. OCLC 25776191
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