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President of the United States
|President of the|
United States of America
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of the United States|
|Formation||June 21, 1788|
|First holder||George Washington|
|This article is part of a series on the|
|Politics of the
United States of America
The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America and the commander in chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is the head of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States and is the chairman of the US cabinet.
Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms in office, and is counted as the nation's 22nd and 24th president. There are currently five living former presidents. The most recent death of a former president was the death of George H. W. Bush on November 30, 2018. He was also the most recently serving president to die.
- be a natural-born citizen of the United States. [note 1]
- be at least thirty-five years old. Theodore Roosevelt, 42, was the youngest, and Joe Biden, 78, is the oldest.
- be a permanent resident in the United States for at least fourteen years.
Election process and terms
The president is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States. A president must receive more than 270 electoral college votes in order to win an election. Ronald Reagan received 525 votes which is the most electoral votes of any other president.
A president can only serve two terms as president, which is eight years. Franklin D. Roosevelt served four terms as president. He died shortly after beginning his fourth term. After his death, Congress passed an amendment that limits the number of terms a president can have.
A president officially becomes president after being inaugurated on January 20th. The president must be given the oath of office by the Chief Justice of the United States. It is traditionally held at the United States Capitol.
- Enforcing laws passed by the United States Congress
- Nominating a Cabinet of advisors
- Giving pardons or reprieves
- Make treaties
- Choose ambassadors to foreign countries
- Select Judges, and Justices of the Supreme Court
|President||Date of birth||Presidency|
|Jimmy Carter||October 1, 1924||39||1977–1981|
|Joe Biden||November 20, 1942||46||2021–|
|Donald Trump||June 14, 1946||45||2017–2021|
|George W. Bush||July 6, 1946||43||2001–2009|
|Bill Clinton||August 19, 1946||42||1993–2001|
|Barack Obama||August 4, 1961||44||2009–2017|
Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley, and John F. Kennedy were assassinated while in office. William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor,Warren G. Harding and Franklin Roosevelt died from illness while president. John Tyler was the first Vice President of the United States to become president. Calvin Coolidge became president, when Warren G. Harding, the 29th President, died in office.
A president travels by either traveling on Air Force One, Marine One, or by the Presidential state car. At all times, the president is protected by Secret Service agents. Sometimes, the president may travel to Camp David for either relaxation or to do some work in peace.
List of presidents of the United States
Living former presidents
(1977 – 1981)
October 1, 1924
(1993 – 2001)
August 19, 1946
George W. Bush
(2001 – 2009)
July 6, 1946
(2009 – 2017)
August 4, 1961
(2017 – 2021)
June 14, 1946
By a majority of historical sources by historians or by the American people; George Washington, Calvin Coolidge, Abraham Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton are ranked high on polls.
Presidents who held other offices
Three former presidents held another U.S. federal office after serving as president.
|John Quincy Adams||6||1825–1829||U.S. representative from Massachusetts (1831–1848)|
|Andrew Johnson||17||1865–1869||U.S. senator from Tennessee (1875)|
|William Howard Taft||27||1909–1913||Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930)|
Since Herbert Hoover, each president has created a institutional place known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials. There are currently thirteen presidential libraries in the NARA system.
- "How To Address The President; He Is Not Your Excellency Or Your Honor, But Mr. President". The Washington Star. August 2, 1891. https://www.nytimes.com/1891/08/02/archives/how-to-address-the-president-he-is-not-your-excellency-or-your.html.
- "USGS Correspondence Handbook—Chapter 4". Usgs.gov. July 18, 2007. http://www.usgs.gov/usgs-manual/handbook/hb/431-2-h/chap4.html.
- "Models of Address and Salutation". Ita.doc.gov. http://www.ita.doc.gov/ita_sec/Address%20and%20Salutation.htm.
- Heads of State, Heads of Government, Ministers for Foreign Affairs, Protocol and Liaison Service, United Nations. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- The White House Office of the Press Secretary (September 1, 2010). "Remarks by President Obama, President Mubarak, His Majesty King Abdullah, Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Abbas Before Working Dinner". whitehouse.gov. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2010/09/01/remarks-president-obama-president-mubarak-his-majesty-king-abdullah-prim.
- Maier, Pauline (2010). Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787–1788. New York, New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 433. .
- "March 4: A forgotten huge day in American history". Philadelphia: National Constitution Center. March 4, 2013. https://constitutioncenter.org/blog/march-4-a-forgotten-huge-day-in-american-politics/.
- "Presidential Election of 1789". Mount Vernon, Virginia: Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, George Washington's Mount Vernon. https://www.mountvernon.org/library/digitalhistory/digital-encyclopedia/article/presidential-election-of-1789/.
- Our Government • The Executive Branch, The White House.
- Foreign-born American citizens who met the age and residency requirements at the time the Constitution was adopted were also eligible for the presidency. However, this allowance has since become obsolete.
- "Executive Office of the President". http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
- "White House". http://www.whitehouse.gov/president/. Retrieved October 7, 2005.