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Castelsarrasin

HotdevilleC.jpg
Castelsarrasin Town Hall and Place la Liberté.
Coat of arms of Castelsarrasin
Coat of arms
Castelsarrasin is located in France
Castelsarrasin
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn-et-Garonne
Arrondissement Castelsarrasin
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Intercommunality Castelsarrasin-Moissac
Mayor Jean-Philippe Bésiers
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 61–97 m (200–318 ft)
(avg. 79 m/259 ft)
Land area1 76.77 km2 (29.64 sq mi)
Population2 13,054  (2011)
 - Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 82033/ 82100
Website www.ville-castelsarrasin.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Coordinates: 44°02′27″N 1°06′28″E / 44.0408°N 1.1078°E / 44.0408; 1.1078

Castelsarrasin (Occitan: Los Sarrasins[1]) is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in Midi-Pyrénées region of France. It is the second most populous commune in Tarn-et-Garonne after Montauban.

It is a subprefecture in the department and the capital of two cantons: Castelsarrasin-1 and Castelsarrasin-2.

History

The oldest written example of Castelsarrasin is from the year 961; it is, as Castel Sarracenum, in the will of Raymond II of Rouergue where he gave the Saint-Sauveur church to the monastery of Moissac.

The name, Castel Sarracenum ("Saracen Castle"), would indicate that the castle was built in the Saracen[N 1] era.

There were many wars during the early history of the city:

Later, the Hundred Years' War affected the region. And the city, where most inhabitants were Catholics, was in frequent conflict with the Protestant inhabitants of the regions around the city during the French Wars of Religion in the 16th century.

The region was calmer during the following centuries, up to the time of the French Revolution.

From 1790 to 1795, Castelsarrasin was the capital of the District of Castelsarrasin in the Haute-Garonne department but, with the creation in 1808 of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, the arrondissement of Castelsarrasin was made part of the new department.[2]

Geography

Castelsarrasin is on the banks of the Garonne river, which flows through the southwest of the commune. The city is at 21 km (13 mi) to the west of Montauban, préfecture of the department.

It has an area of 76.77 km2 (29.64 sq mi) and its average altitude is 79 m (259 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 81 m (266 ft).[3]

Castelsarrasin and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Castelsarrasin

Castelsarrasin is surrounded by the communes Saint-Nicolas-de-la-Grave, Moissac, Les Barthes, La Ville-Dieu-du-Temple, Saint-Porquier, Cordes-Tolosannes, Saint-Aignan, Castelferrus and Castelmayran.

Climate

The climate of Castelsarrasin, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[4]

Population

With a population of 13,054,[5] Castelsarrasin has a population density of 170 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Castelsarrasin are known, in French, as Castelsarrasinois (women: Castelsarrasinoises).[6]

Administration

Castelsarrasin is a subprefecture of the Tarn-et-Garonne department since 1809. It is also the capital of two Cantons:[7]

  1. Castelsarrasin-1, formed with a part of Castelsarrasin
  2. Castelsarrasin-1, formed with a part of Castelsarrasin and the communes Albefeuille-Lagarde, Barry-d'Islemade, Les Barthes, Labastide-du-Temple and Meauzac.

Places of interest

Some interesting places in Castelsarrasin are:

  • The Saint-Sauveur church, mentioned since 961; it was rebuilt in 1254.
  • The Saint-Jean church, mentioned since 1216; it was partially rebuilt in 1515.
  • The Notre-Dame d'Alem chapel.
  • The Jacques-Yves Cousteau port.

Gallery

People from Castelsarrasin

Twin cities

Castelsarrasin is a twin town of:[8]

Notes

  1. Muslims were known, in Europe, as Saracen during the Middle Ages.

References

  1. "Las comunas de TARN ET GARONA" (in Occitan). Toponimia occitana e senhalizacion en occitan. http://toponimiaoc.webs.com/82tarnegarona.htm. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  2. "Création du département de Tarn-et-Garonne". Archives de France. http://www.archivesdefrance.culture.gouv.fr/action-culturelle/celebrations-nationales/2008/vie-politique-et-institutions/creation-du-departement-de-tarn-et-garonne/. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  3. "Castelsarrasin". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Castelsarrasin-82100/. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  4. "La ville de Castelsarrasin" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-castelsarrasin.html. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  5. "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep82.pdf. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  6. "Castelsarrasin (82100)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_castelsarrasin_82033.html. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  7. "Liste des cantons de l'arrondissement de Castelsarrasin" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/canarr.asp?codedep=82&codearr=1. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  8. "Jumelage". Ville de Castelsarrasin. http://www.ville-castelsarrasin.fr/fr/culture-tourisme-et-loisirs/jumelage.html. Retrieved 7 July 2014.

Related pages

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