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Montauban

Montauban - le Pont Vieux.jpg
The Pont Vieux and the Ingres Museum
Coat of arms of Montauban
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn-et-Garonne
Arrondissement Montauban
Canton Chief town of 3 cantons
Intercommunality Le Grand Montauban
Mayor Brigitte Barèges
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 72–207 m (236–679 ft)
(avg. 140 m/460 ft)
Land area1 135.17 km2 (52.19 sq mi)
Population2 58,826  (2014)
 - Density 435/km2 (1,130/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 82121/ 82000
Website www.montauban.com
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montauban (Occitan: Montalban) is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Midi-Pyrénées region in southern France. It is the préfecture (capital) of the department.

The town, built mainly with reddish bricks, is on the right bank of the Tarn river at its confluence with the Tescou. It was one of the first bastides in history.

History

Arcade at Place Nationale in Montauban

Together with Mont-de-Marsan, Montauban is one of the oldest towns with walls (a bastide) in southern France. It was founded in 1144 by Alphonse Jourdain, Count of Toulouse. Most of the inhabitants came from Montauriol, a village which had grown up around the neighbouring monastery of St Théodard.[1]

In the 13th century the town suffered much during the Albigensian Crusade and from the Inquisition, but by 1317 it had recovered sufficiently to be chosen by the Pope John XXII as the head of a diocese of which the basilica of St Théodard became the cathedral.

In 1360, under the Treaty of Brétigny, the town was given to the English; they were expelled by the inhabitants in 1414. In 1560 the bishops became Protestants; ten years later it became one of the four Huguenot strongholds under the Peace of Saint-Germain, and formed a small independent republic.[1]

In 1790, Montauban was in the Lot department as the capital of a district; with the creation of the arrondissements in 1800, Montauban became a sous-préfecture in the Lot department. When Napoleon created the Tarn-et-Garonne department in 1809, Montauban became the préfecture (capital) of the new department.[2]

Geography

Montauban is at about 50 km (31 mi) to the north of Toulouse, on the confluence of the Tescou and the Tarn rivers, and at 80 km (50 mi) from Agen (préfecture of the Lot-et-Garonne), 76 km (47 mi) from Albi (préfecture of the Tarn) and at about 60 km (37 mi) from Cahors (préfecture of the Lot).

It has an area of 135.17 km2 (52.19 sq mi) and its average altitude is 140 m (460 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 103 m (338 ft).[3]

Montauban and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Montauban

Montauban is surrounded by the communes Villemade, Piquecos, Lamothe-Capdeville, Albias, Saint-Étienne-de-Tulmont, Léojac, Saint-Nauphary,Corbarieu,Bressols, Lacourt-Saint-Pierre, Montbeton and Albefeuille-Lagarde.

Climate

The climate of Montauban, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[4]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Montauban is 708.7 mm (27.9 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 48.3 mm (1.9 in).[5]

The average temperature for the year in Montauban is 13.6 °C (56.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.6 °C (42.1 °F).

Climate data for Montauban, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.4
(52.5)
15.1
(59.2)
17.7
(63.9)
21.8
(71.2)
25.5
(77.9)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
24.8
(76.6)
19.8
(67.6)
13.1
(55.6)
9.5
(49.1)
18.69
(65.65)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
6.8
(44.2)
9.8
(49.6)
12.3
(54.1)
16.3
(61.3)
19.8
(67.6)
22.3
(72.1)
22
(72)
18.7
(65.7)
14.7
(58.5)
9.2
(48.6)
6.1
(43)
13.63
(56.54)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.2
(36)
4.5
(40.1)
6.9
(44.4)
10.7
(51.3)
14.1
(57.4)
16.2
(61.2)
15.9
(60.6)
12.6
(54.7)
9.6
(49.3)
5.3
(41.5)
2.6
(36.7)
8.54
(47.38)
Rainfall mm (inches) 56.4
(2.22)
47.7
(1.878)
49.1
(1.933)
55.9
(2.201)
69.8
(2.748)
61.4
(2.417)
53.9
(2.122)
59.4
(2.339)
61.2
(2.409)
70.8
(2.787)
61.1
(2.406)
61.2
(2.409)
707.9
(27.87)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Montauban are known, in French, as Montalbanais (women: Montalbanaises).[6]

With a population of 58,826,[7] Montauban has a population density of 435 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Montauban <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:60000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:5000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:2500 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2011 text:2011
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 45872
bar:1975 from:0 till: 48028
bar:1982 from:0 till: 50682
bar:1990 from:0 till: 51224
bar:1999 from:0 till: 51855
bar:2006 from:0 till: 53941
bar:2011 from:0 till: 56536
bar:2014 from:0 till: 58826

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 45872 fontsize:S text: 45,872 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 48028 fontsize:S text: 48,028 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 50682 fontsize:S text: 50,682 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 51224 fontsize:S text: 51,224 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 51855 fontsize:S text: 51,855 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 53941 fontsize:S text: 53,941 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2011 at: 56536 fontsize:S text: 56,536 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 58826 fontsize:S text: 58,826 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

Administration

Montauban is the prefecture of the Tarn-et-Garonne department since 1809. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Montauban and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons, all formed with part of the commune:

  1. Montauban-1 : 19,143 inhabitants (2014)
  2. Montauban-2 : 19,143 inhabitants (2014)
  3. Montauban-3 : 20,540 inhabitants (2014)

It is part of the intercommunality Le Grand Montauban (French: Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Montauban).

Sister cities

Montauban is twinned with:

Places of interest

Some interesting places in Montauban are:

  • The Place Nationale ("National Square") is a square of the 17th century.
  • The Notre-Dame de l'Assomption cathedral is unique by its stone construction in a place dominated by red bricks. Its construction was ordered by Louis XIV.
  • The Musée Ingres is the old town hall and the residence of the bishops of Montauban built in 1664. The building houses some paintings of the famous painter Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres and some works of the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle; both artists were born in Montauban.
  • The church of Saint Jacques is the only intact medieval church in Montauban.
  • The Pont Vieux ("Old Bridge"), a bridge from the 14th century on the Tarn river.

Gallery

People from Montauban

Sister cities

Montauban is twinned with:

Related pages

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "L’histoire" (in French). Ville de Montauban. http://www.ciap-montauban.com/ma_peupler_01_detail.html. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  2. "Historique de Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/82his.html. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  3. "Montauban". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Montauban-82000/. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  4. "La ville de Montauban" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-montauban.html. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  5. "Montauban, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598853&cityname=Montauban%2C+Midi-Pyrenees%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  6. "Montauban (82000)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_montauban_82121.html. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep82.pdf. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 

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