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|The Pont Vieux and the Ingres Museum.|
|Coat of arms|
|Canton||Chief town of 6 cantons|
|Intercommunality||Pays de Montauban et des Trois Rivières|
|Mayor|| Brigitte Barèges|
|Elevation|| 72–207 m (236–679 ft)|
(avg. 140 m/460 ft)
|Land area1||135.17 km2 (52.19 sq mi)|
|- Density||418/km2 (1,080/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||82121/ 82000|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Together with Mont-de-Marsan, Montauban is one of the oldest towns with walls (bastide) in southern France. It was founded in 1144 by Alphonse Jourdain, Count of Toulouse. Most of the inhabitants came from Montauriol, a village which had grown up around the neighbouring monastery of St Théodard.
In the 13th century the town suffered much during the Albigensian Crusade and from the Inquisition, but by 1317 it had recovered sufficiently to be chosen by the Pope John XXII as the head of a diocese of which the basilica of St Théodard became the cathedral.
In 1360, under the Treaty of Brétigny, the town was given to the English; they were expelled by the inhabitants in 1414. In 1560 the bishops became Protestants; ten years later it became one of the four Huguenot strongholds under the Peace of Saint-Germain, and formed a small independent republic.
In 1790, Montauban was in the Lot department as the capital of a district; with the creation of the arrondissements in 1800, Montauban became the a sous-préfecture in the Lot deparment. When Napoleon created the Tarn-et-Garonne department in 1809, Montauban became the préfecture (capital) of the new department.
Montauban is at about 50 km (31 mi) to the north of Toulouse, on the confluence of the Tescou and the Tarn rivers, and at 80 km (50 mi) from Agen (préfecture of the Lot-et-Garonne), 76 km (47 mi) from Albi (préfecture of the Tarn) and at about 60 km (37 mi) from Cahors (préfecture of the Lot).
Montauban is surrounded by the communes Villemade, Piquecos, Lamothe-Capdeville, Albias, Saint-Étienne-de-Tulmont, Léojac, Saint-Nauphary,Corbarieu,Bressols, Lacourt-Saint-Pierre, Montbeton and Albefeuille-Lagarde.
|Villemade||Piquecos and Lamothe-Capdeville||Albias|
|Lacourt-Saint-Pierre, Montbeton and Albefeuille-Lagarde||Saint-Étienne-de-Tulmont and Léojac|
Montauban is the préfecture of the Tarn-et-Garonne department since 1809. It is also the capital of six Cantons:
- Montauban-1, formed with a part of Montauban and the communes Lamothe-Capdeville and Villemade
- Montauban-2, formed with a part of Montauban
- Montauban-3, formed with a part of Montauban and the commune Léojac
- Montauban-4, formed with a part of Montauban
- Montauban-5, formed with a part of Montauban
- Montauban-6, formed with a part of Montauban.
Places of interest
Some interesting places in Montauban are:
- The Place Nationale ("National Square") is a square of the 17th century.
- The Notre-Dame de l'Assomption cathedral is unique by its stone construction in a place dominated by red bricks. Its construction was ordered by Louis XIV.
- The Musée Ingres is the old town hall and the residence of the bishops of Montauban built in 1664. The building houses some paintings of the famous painter Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres and some works of the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle; both artists were born in Montauban.
- The church of Saint Jacques is the only intact medieval church in Montauban.
- The Pont Vieux ("Old Bridge"), a bridge from the 14th century on the Tarn river.
People from Montauban
Montauban is twinned with:
- "L’histoire" (in French). Ville de Montauban. http://www.ciap-montauban.com/ma_peupler_01_detail.html. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "Historique de Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/82his.html. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Montauban". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Montauban-82000/. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "La ville de Montauban" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-montauban.html. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep82.pdf. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Montauban (82000)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_montauban_82121.html. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "Liste des cantons de l'arrondissement de Montauban" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/canarr.asp?codedep=82&codearr=2. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- (French) Ville de Montauban - official website
- Montauban Tourist Office
- (French) Ville de Montauban - Villes d'Art et d'Histoire