kidzsearch.com > wiki   Explore:web images videos games  

Cayenne




KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search

Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Hatnote' not found.

Cayenne

Cayenne city (8525272038).jpg
2012 aerial view of Cayenne
Coat of arms of Cayenne
Cayenne.PNG
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Administration
Country France
Overseas region and department French Guiana
Arrondissement Cayenne
Intercommunality Centre Littoral
Mayor Marie-Laure Phinéra-Horth
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Land area1 23.60 km2 (9.11 sq mi)
Population2 55,198  (Jan. 2012[1])
 - Density 2,339/km2 (6,060/sq mi)
Urban area 206.9 km2 (79.9 sq mi) (2010)
 - Population 106,358 (Jan. 2012[1][2])
Metro area 5,087 km2 (1,964 sq mi) (2010)
 - Population 121,308 (Jan. 2012[1][3])
INSEE/Postal code 97302/ 97300
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Cayenne is a commune, the capital (prefecture) of the French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France that is in northern South America. The city is on a former island at the mouth of the Cayenne river on the Atlantic coast.

History

The first European settlement in the region was founded on the Cayenne island in 1604 by French people sent by Henry IV but the settlement was destroyed by Portuguese to enforce the Treaty of Tordesillas

French colonists came back in 1643 and founded Cayenne, but they were forced to leave once more following Amerindian attacks. In 1664, France finally succeeded at establishing a permanent settlement at Cayenne. Over the next decade the colony changed hands between the French, Dutch, and English, before being restored to France. It was captured by an Anglo-Portuguese force at the invasion of Cayenne in 1809 and administered from Brazil until 1814, when it was returned to French control. It was used as a French penal colony from 1854 to 1938.

Geography

Cayenne is a city along the Atlantic coast on the sides of a common estuary of the Cayenne and Montsinéry rivers. It has an area of 23.60 km2 (9.11 sq mi); at the city hall, the altitude is 53 m (174 ft).[4]

The commune is at 268 km (167 mi) from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and 64 km (40 mi) from Kourou. The distances to other cities out of French Guiana are:

The city is surrounded by:

Climate

Cayenne has an equatorial climate (Köppen climate classification: Af) bordering on a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am) with a dry season and a heavy monsoon the rest of year and no cold season.

The average temperature for the year in Cayenne is 26.2 °C (79.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is September with an average temperature of 27.2 °C (81.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 26.1 °C (79.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Cayenne is 3,205.5 mm (126.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 513.1 mm (20.2 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is September with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in). There is an average of 201.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in May with 27.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in September with 5.0 days.[5]

Climate data for Cayenne, French Guiana, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28.8
(83.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26.2
(79.1)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22.6
(72.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 380
(14.96)
320
(12.6)
380
(14.96)
380
(14.96)
510
(20.08)
390
(15.35)
200
(7.87)
100
(3.94)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
120
(4.72)
290
(11.42)
3,160
(124.41)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Demographics

The inhabitants of Cayenne are known, in French, as Cayennais (women: Cayennaises).[6]

The city of Cayenne has a population, in 2014, of 55,817;[7] its population density is of 2,365 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Cayenne <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:60000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:10000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:5000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1967 text:1967
bar:1974 text:1974
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1967 from:0 till: 24518
bar:1974 from:0 till: 30461
bar:1982 from:0 till: 38091
bar:1990 from:0 till: 41067
bar:1999 from:0 till: 50594
bar:2006 from:0 till: 58004
bar:2014 from:0 till: 55817

PlotData=

bar:1967 at: 24518 fontsize:S text: 24,518 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1974 at: 30461 fontsize:S text: 30,461 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 38091 fontsize:S text: 38,091 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 41067 fontsize:S text: 41,067 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 50594 fontsize:S text: 50,594 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 58004 fontsize:S text: 58,004 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 55817 fontsize:S text: 55,817 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

Sister cities

Cayenne is twinned with:

Sites of interest

Gallery

Related pages

References

Other websites