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Châlons-en-Champagne




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Châlons-en-Champagne

Hôtel de ville de Châlons-en-Champagne (Marne).JPG
City Hall of Châlons-en-Champagne
Coat of arms of Châlons-en-Champagne
Administration
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Marne
Arrondissement Châlons-en-Champagne
Canton Châlons-en-Champagne-1, 2 and 3
Intercommunality CA Châlons-en-Champagne
Mayor Benoist Apparu[1]
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 82–84 m (269–276 ft)
(avg. 83 m/272 ft)
Land area1 26.05 km2 (10.06 sq mi)
Population2 45,002  (2014)
 - Density 1,728/km2 (4,480/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 51108/ 51000
Website Official website
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Châlons-en-Champagne is a commune in the Marne department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France. It is the préfecture (capital) of the department.

Even if Châlons-en-Champagne is the capital of the department, it is only the second largest city in population after Reims. It should not be confused with Chalon-sur-Saône, a city in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

History

Formerly called Châlons-sur-Marne, the name of the city was changed to Châlons-en-Champagne in 1995 but it was rejected in 1997. But, finally, this change was accepted in 1998.[2]

Geography

Châlons-en-Champagne is in the centre of the Marne department. The Marne river flows through the western part of the city.

It has an area of 26.1 km2 (10.1 sq mi).[3] Its average altitude is 116 m (381 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 85 m (279 ft).[4]

The distances from Châlons-en-Champagne to other cities are:[5]

Châlons-en-Champagne and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Châlons-en-Champagne

The commune of Châlons-en-Champagne is surrounded by the communes L'Épine, Saint-Memmie, Sarry, Compertrix, Fagnières and Saint-Martin-sur-le-Pré.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Châlons-en-Champagne is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[6]

The average temperature for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 0 °C (32 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 627.4 mm (24.70 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is July with 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).[6]

Population

The inhabitants of Châlons-en-Champagne are known, in French, as Châlonnais (women: Châlonnaises ).[7]

With a population of 45,002,[8] Châlons-en-Champagne has a population density of 1,728 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Châlons-en-Champagne <timeline> Colors=

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 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:55000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:5000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:2500 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 50764
bar:1975 from:0 till: 52275
bar:1982 from:0 till: 51137
bar:1990 from:0 till: 48423
bar:1999 from:0 till: 47339
bar:2006 from:0 till: 46184
bar:2014 from:0 till: 45002

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 50764 fontsize:S text: 50,764 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 52275 fontsize:S text: 52,275 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 51137 fontsize:S text: 51,137 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 48423 fontsize:S text: 48,423 shift:(-15,10)
bar:1999 at: 47339 fontsize:S text: 47,339 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2006 at: 46184 fontsize:S text: 46,184 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2014 at: 45002 fontsize:S text: 45,002 shift:(-15,5)

</timeline>

Châlons-en-Champagne forms, with other 4 communes, the urban area of Châlons-en-Champagne with a population of 57,571 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 74.8 km2 (28.9 sq mi).[9] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Châlons-en-Champagne, formed by 66 communes, with a population of 81,486 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 1,129.6 km2 (436.1 sq mi).[10]

Administration

Châlons-en-Champagne is a prefecture of the Marne department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Châlons-en-Champagne and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons:

It is part of the intercommunality Châlons Agglo (French: Communauté d'agglomération de Châlons-en-Champagne).

Twinned and partner towns

Châlons-en-Champagne is twinned with:

Places of interest

Some interesting places in Mâcon are:

  • The Mâcon Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Vincent de Mâcon) in the town centre
  • The Saint-Pierre Church (Èglise Saint-Pierre) in the Place Saint-Pierre
  • The Museum of Fine Arts (former Ursuline Convent)
  • Hôtel Senecé (Lamartine museum)

People from or related to Mâcon

Gallery

Panoramic view of the town hall square in Châlons-en-Champagne.

Related pages

References

  1. "Les Élus Municipaux" (in French). Ville de Châlons-en-Champagne. http://www.chalonsenchampagne.fr/mairie-et-democratie/a-votre-service/82-les-elus-de-chalons-en-champagne. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  2. "Historique de la Marne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/51his.html. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  3. "Commune de Châlons-en-Champagne (51108)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-51108. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  4. "Châlons-en-Champagne". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Chalons-en-Champagne-51000/. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  5. "Ville de Châlons-en-Champagne" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-chalons-en-champagne.html. Retrieved 13 June 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Chalons-sur-Marne, France - Climate Summary". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=71691&cityname=Chalons-sur-Marne%2C+Champagne-Ardenne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  7. "Marne" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/marne-51. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  8. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep51.pdf. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  9. "Unité urbaine de Châlons-en-Champagne (51501)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-51501. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  10. "Aire urbaine de Châlons-en-Champagne (107)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-107. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 

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