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East Timor

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Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • República Democrática de Timor-Leste  (Portuguese)
  • Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste  (Tetum)
Motto: "Unidade, Acção, Progresso" (Portuguese)
"Unity, Action, Progress"
Anthem: Pátria (Portuguese)
and largest city
8°34′S 125°34′E / 8.567°S 125.567°E / -8.567; 125.567
Official languages
Working languages
Demonym East Timorese
Government Unitary parliamentary semi-presidential republic
 -  President Taur Matan Ruak
 -  Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão
Legislature National Parliament
Independence from Portugal and Indonesia
 -  Established 1702 
 -  Declared November 28, 1975 
 -  Restoredb May 20, 2002 
 -  Total 14,874 km2 (159th)
5,743 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2010 estimate 1,066,582[3] (155th)
 -  Density 76.2/km2 (132nd)
197.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $10.952 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $9,467[4]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $4.073 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $3,641[4]
HDI (2013)Increase 0.576[5]
medium · 134th
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone (UTC+9)
Drives on the left
Calling code +670
ISO 3166 code TL
Internet TLD .tl d
a. Fifteen further "national languages" are recognised by the Constitution.
b. Defined as a restoration by the Constitution.
c. Centavo coins also used.
d. .tp is being phased out.

The Democratic Republic of East Timor or Timor Leste is a country in Southeast Asia. It is on the eastern side of the island of Timor, and also the smaller islands of Atauro and Jaco, and a small area, named Oecussi-Ambeno, inside the west side of Timor. That area is an exclave, which means it is separated from the main part of the country by part of another country. That other country is Indonesia.

The capital and largest city, Dili, is home to one hundred and fifty thousand people. The next largest city is Baucau. (see List of settlements in East Timor).

East Timor gets its name from the Malay word for "east", timur.

It is a member of the United Nations and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.


For a long time, a European country called Portugal controlled the East Timor and called it The Colony of Portuguese Timor. In 1975, the Portuguese army left, and East Timor was invaded (taken over) by the Indonesian army in 1975. The invasion was very violent. The army stayed there until 1999, when they gave up control of the territory with the help of the United Nations.

At the time, the United States government said it did not know Indonesia was going to invade East Timor. But secret documents, released from 2002 to 2005, show that Henry Kissinger, the Secretary of State of the United States, did know, and supported the invasion.

When it got its independence on May 20, 2002, it became the first country to become independent in the twenty-first century (since the year 2001). In 2006, when Montenegro became independent, East Timor was no longer the newest one.

Since then, East Timor has not been given much attention in the news. Recently, the Colombian music artist Shakira made a song named "Timor", which talks about the country. The attention is because there has been fighting in East Timor between gangs (groups of criminals with guns), security forces (the country's army). Australia, a large nearby country, sent troops in to make peace.

East Timor is a small country located between Australia and Indonesia, Before Christ, 3,000 years ago, East Timor was a mountainous island composed of migrant indigenous people from New Guinea, Australia and Melanesia.

There were some migrants from Austronesia searching for a new life on this island on developed their skills in areas like Agriculture to develop. Some of the people arrived from South China and North Indochina looking for trade because East Timor had enough resources to explore and export like sandalwood, honey, slaves and wax.

During the Second War World, the Japanese occupied the region, encountered strong resistance to their attempts to force the population to grow foods for their troops and export. At the time 30% of the population died.

On April 25, 1974, the Portuguese Armed Forces headed by General António de Spínola organized a Military Coup against SALAZAR’s Regime called the Revolution of Carnations. Since this Revolution, Portugal decided to give freedom to the colonized countries.


East Timor is divided into 13 districts:


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